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2012 Feb Latest Finds Page II


1726 George 1st milled gold full guinea


2ndC Roman bronze coin sent for ID

This is a denarius of Septimius Severus, 193-211 AD.  The title in the obverse legend - L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP III - dates the piece to 194 AD.  The reverse type - PACI AVGVSTI - shows Pax seated left holding an olive-branch and a cornucopaie.
References: RIC IV 37, RSC 359.

Severus was the less-famous father of the infamous emperor Caracalla.  Severus died while on campaign in Britain, where he'd been strengthening defenses and rebuilding Hadrian's wall since 208, in York, on February 4, 211.

His death left sons Caracalla and Geta to share the throne as co-emperors, but Caracalla's plans didn't include giving power or advantage to his younger brother on whom he had wasted no love.  On the premise of a meeting of reconciliation with Geta held at a family villa soon thereafter, he had arranged for his bodyguard to attack and fatally stab Geta, who subsequently died in their mother's arms.  Nice folks.



Mid 4thC Roman bronze coin sent for ID

This appears to be a CONSTANTINOPOLIS city commemorative.  As the move of Constantine's seat of government to Constantinople was about to be implemented and become official in 330 AD, a very large emission of city commemoratives for both Rome and the new Capital was issued at the same time as the very common and familiar pieces with a portrait of a Constantinian family member and GLORIA EXERVITVS soldiers and standard(s) reverse.  The VRBS ROMA commemoratives showed a similar armored bust of the personification of the city of Rome and had the shewolf suckling the twins Romulus & Remus on its anepigraphic reverse.
This piece features the armored bust of Constantinople on the obvverse and Victory in the prow of a galley, holding a spear and resting on a shield on its anepigraphic reverse.
I can't tell what the mint was - the features on the reverse are too indistinct. 
These were struck at all mints in the Imperial minting system between 330-337.  The Constantinopolis and Roma obverses were subsequently resurrected after Constantine's death and coupled with either a GLORIA EXERCITUS soldiers and standard, or a Vota-type reverse in some of the mint cities which hesitated to "declare" for one or another of the 3 sons of Constantine - Constantine Jr, Constans and Constantius II - who did not settle easily into the divided responsibility and shared power their father had planned for them and soon sparked a significant period of civil unrest while they sorted things out.  Constantine II did Constans and Constantius II the favor of dying very soon, in 340 - Constans managed to survive until 350 when his death left Constantius in sole rulership of the Empire.


2ndC Roman bronze coin sent for ID

The "sestertius" sized piece offers us less by way of positive markers, but the shape of the head (and the "corn-row" at the top of it) seems most like Julia Domna, wife of Septimius Severus.  I can't figure what's happening on the reverse, but the chance that the orientation is based on whatever it is that looks like the letter "Y" is very unlikely.  I'll try rotating the image a bit and see if it rings any bells.

Here's an example of a sestertius of Domna, to show you what I'm talking about, re: the portrait sort of resembling her:


4thC Roman bronze coin sent for ID

This is a so-called "campgate" (probably actually a signal tower) reverse.  The mint mark - in exergue - is clearly London.  The legend on the reverse is almost totally gone, but it appears to end "...SS" meaning it would more likely be the PROVIDENTIAE CAESS than the PROVIDENTIAE AVGG legend, of the 2 types most commonly found on these.  So the greatest likelihood that it is Constantine II or Constantius II (less likely) although Crispus (I think) is also a possibility.  Constantius II only got in on the tail end of the campgate period just as Crispus only made the earliest part.  This dates to the 320's - mostly the later 320's, although, as I said, Crispus (d. 324) did get in on the very beginning of the type.


16thC Antwerp hand coin weight 1680's James II lead trade weight - IR - Plumbers Company mark
Medieval purse bar

1894 Birmingham silver ring - anchor mark , pure silver , maker H.B

Herbert Bushell 1897..1908 Northampton Street, Birmingham


1500-1700 mount

1299-1300 Edward 1st hammered silver farthing - Type 21 -reversed S


Obv CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

4th Roman buckle

1341 Edward III hammered silver florin penny

Rev CIVI/TAS/DVN/ELM -Durham mint

4thC Roman bronze coin sent for ID

Just a W.A.G. (as we academic types say...) this might be a SALVS REIPVBLICAE reverse from the later Valentinian Dynasty era. (Valentinian II, Theodosius I, Arcadius - 383-393 AD) I can't tell which of the 4 possible emperors it might be, however.
The reverse type shows Victory walking left, dragging a captive and carrying a trophy over her shoulder.

At least this seems to be the most likely reverse type - this makes this one of the latest Roman coins I can recall you finding.


4thC Roman bronze coin sent for ID

This is Valentinian I - 364-375 AD - the type is SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE with Victory walking left holding wreath and palm.  This is one of the most common types from the time immediately following the Constantinian era.

If you were to do a little brushing around the exergual area, we might be able to tell from the mint mark where it was struck.



1696 William III milled silver shilling 18thC silver button with glass stone
Royal Naval Volunteer
In use 1901 - 1952


18thC crotal bell 1554 Mary hammered silver groat

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross half penny


Rev **ON LVND - London mint

1603 James 1st hammered silver shilling forgery

Jacobvs IIX

Commando Veterans Association badge 17thC lead token
Early medieval lead token Georgian intaglio with gold bezel - bust facing right
1199 John hammered silver short cross half penny - Class 5b 13thC lead papal badge
Roman lead token 1859 Victoria milled silver shilling ( 12 pence)

BC Roman silver coin - sent for ID

Surprisingly, there is just enough left visble in just the correct places to allow me to place this as an issue of L. Julius Bursio, 85 BC. Sear says:
"Draped bust of young male deity right, combining attributes of Apollo (laurel-wreath), Mercury (winged head), and Neptune (trident over shoulder); control mark to left.  Reverse, Victory in quadriga right, sometimes with control-mark/s in field; L IVLI BVRSIO in exergue. Crawford RRC 352/1; Sydenham CRR 728; RSC Julia 6; SR 268. 


Medieval beehive thimble Georgian fob seal

18thC decorated silver clog fastener - inscribed A.T 18thC decorated clog fastener
Medieval D buckle 1550-1650 buckle Roman lead token
19th C livery button
Britain's Merchant Navy
Generic Design Issue
In use 1900 's onwards
Early Post-Medieval (1500-1700) copper alloy belt mount in the form of an acorn
17thC Thomas Reynolds bay maker of Colchester hammered copper trade farthing
20thC arcade token - 2D (2 old pence)
1928 George V milled silver sixpence 1928 George V milled silver shilling (12 pence)
17thC finger ring
Post medieval lead bale seal WW1 THE DURHAM LIGHT INFANTRY CAP BADGE
20thC charm

16thC coin weight

The crown of the double rose was popular coin in Europe. Many weight so this design were issued in Germany and the Low countries for both the crown issued 1526-44 48 grains

Obv Crown/Rose EC

Rev - This is an Antwerp hand type and dated 1578 maker Co


1790 Russian lead bale seal 1582 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat
17thC knife pommel Medieval decorated buckle plate
Roman bronze mount 17thC lead token
17thC lead token 19thC hunting button
17thC Thomas Reynolds bay maker of Colchester hammered copper trade farthing
Celtic Pokemon !! 16thC Tudor fretwork button

1322-7 Edward III hammered silver farthing


Rev - CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

0.25g,11.12 mm

Large Victorian gold fob chain - each linked is indivdually marked 0.375, 9carat gold

Silver washed Roman coin sent for ID

Wow - this is sort of a puzzle.  I'll get back to you with with some sort of explanation after I do a little more research.  As you can see, the clearest bits of legend on the coin are the letters "NO..."  in the reverse legend, which seems to end "...S AV[G]"

There are precious few Roman coin legends which begin with the letter "N" - NOBILITAS AVG - would be my first guess, but in a really brief search of lists of legends on the denarii of the usual suspects, I can't find a single usage of it - or any other legends beginning "NO...".  I'm presuming this is approximately denarius/antoninianus size, right?  "Æ3" generally speaking - somewhere between maybe 15 & 20 mm, right?

Too bad it can't be cooked, but perhaps it could either be soaked - or in a worst-case scenario, perhaps some very careful electrolysis (low current for brief periods of time, watched very closely) could clean it up without killing it.  The first impression I have from the seemingly curly-haired portrait is Marcus Aurelius, Verus or Commodus.  If it's Æ or low-grade billon, then it would have to be a contemporary copy since the Antonine dynasty all used reasonably good-quality silver.  Æ, billon or silver-wash denarii in good style and reasonably believable workmanship are often found in the Balkans - they're erroneously referred to as "Limes denarii".  We don't know exactly how they fit into the monetary scheme, but so many have been found in recent years that what used to be a rare curiosity is now a common curiosity with no explanation, except that it's obvious there were many of them in circulation - That incorrect name has been used so long that I'm afraid it's going to stick no matter how inaccurate a term it might be.

I'll get back to you when/if I get a better idea of what this is.


I have to stick with a higher probability of this being Septimius Severus on an Eastern European Æ denarius with a NOBILITAS reverse than anything else I can propose - unless you can make a case for it being silver under the crud - in which case it might well be an official denarius of the same type.  You say "silvered", so I have to believe it's one of the aforementioned copies, the exact usage and place of which within the monetary system is not clearly understood - although they obviously passed current at some level.

There is a small possibility of it being another of the Severans, possibly Geta Augustus, but that's pretty unlikely.


1422-61Henry VI hammered silver halfpenny - 1st reign

Annulet Issue - Annulets by neck and reverse with annulets in VIL and CAL qtrs


Rev VIL/LA/CAL/IS - Calais mint

1587 - 9 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny
1665 Colchester hammered copper trade farthing 1215 Henry III hammered silver 1/4 penny
1561-5 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver sixpence

1341 Edward III hammered silver florin penny


Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

1603 James 1st hammered silver half groat

1422-1460 Henry VI hammered silver penny

Obv VIL/LA/CAL/ISIE - Calais mint

1881 Victoria milled silver 3 pence Medieval D buckle Georgian button

1279 Edward 1st hammered silver penny - Class 10cf

Miss spelling type missing E


Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

1820's 20th regiment of fooot officers buttons 1550-1700 buckle


Royal Arch Masons Jewel Deo Regi Fratribus Honor Fidelitas Benevolentia

Huge Victorian silver badge - one side is Latin and other reads Beauty, Wisdom, Truth, Concord, Strength

9.0g, 47mm H - Maker Spencer of London

Deo regi fratribus honor fidelitas benevolentia" -
God, King, Brother, Fidelity, Benevolence

"Every Royal Arch Mason is entitled to wear the Jewel of the Degree".

20th 4D - 4 old pence trade token

1327 Edward III hammered silver half groat

Rev CIVI/TAS/EBO/RACI - York mint

3rdC Roman coin sent for ID

22.22mm, 3.55g

Remember the "hoard" you had last year which included a dozen or so pieces from the short-lived Magnentius and his brother Decentius? - This is another of those - it even seems to have nearly identical plow-soil damage, edge chipping and surface and degradation as those displayed.  It's probably Magnentius since his coins are somewhat less scarce than those of his shorter-lived brother - both were portrayed with similarly dopey facial expressions and equally dopey haircuts.  The reverse shows 2 Victories holding a shield inscribed VOT /  V / MVLT / X between them - the reverse legend should be VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET CAE or very close thereto.

Magnentius was Augustus in parts of the west from 350 to 353 at which time he and his brother, whom he'd made Caesar in 351, were defeated by Constantius II and committed suicide rather than being captured, imprisoned and eventually dishonorably executed by Constantius.  


1550-1650 buckle 18thC silver button Victorian silver bird charm
2ndC Roman fibular brooch

4thC Roman coin sent for ID


This little guy appears to be a contemporary copy Æ radiate from the period 260-270 AD. The size is too small and the weight too low to be an offical anything.  The design is a mish-mash of bits from several protoypes.  The obverse legend is blundered at best - if not totally illiterate - so it's uncertain who is intended.  The portrait seems not to be meant to resemble anyone in particular, although it is far less crude and cartoonish than many of these.  The reverse seems to be modeled on the ADVENTVS reverses common to Tetricus and Claudius II Gothicus which show the emperor on horseback left, walking or prancing, raising right hand. 

This is a really unusual reverse for one of these so-called "barbarous radiates" - I don't think I've ever seen one with an equestrian reverse before - but it's an unusual day in this field that you don't learn or see somethng new.


2ndC Roman silver coin sent for ID

I'm pretty sure this began life as a denarius of Domitian, 81-96 AD. Depending how complete the roman numeral at 5:30 might be (is it VI? or VII?) it could have been minted any time from 86-88 AD.  More than that, there simply is not enough detail left to say with any authority.



1580 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver sixpence Taco'd 1603 James 1st hammered silver half groat
George 1st trade weight - Crown G London cipher

1279 Edward 1st hammered silver penny - Class 11 - angular backs to E


Rev CIVI/TAS/DON/DON - London mint

1464-70 Edward IV hammered silver half penny - Light coinage - I.m Crown, satires by neck



16thC coin weight - Low countries for rijer, Burgundian rider or ridergulden

Saxon gold casting waste 59.49 g, 60.61mm wide

Huge Roman bronze sent for ID

29.22mm ,13.69g

Without at least a bit of revelatory legend on the obverse (the "IMP..." at 8:00 isn't much help - nearly all the emperors from the 1st through the 3rd century began their official titles with "IMP") all I have to go on is the shape of the head and the general overall "fabric" of the piece.  Being somewhat square, it belongs to the period in which "cob" style flan production had replaced the sphere-cast & hammer-flattened Æ blanks flans of earlier years. The earlier type of flan manufacture had produced a more nearly round product but was more labor-intensive and slower.  Generally - although it is seen on-and-off for quite a while - the latter part of the 2nd and most of the 3rd century saw this form of blank production for the large Æ in which a round bar of coin metal approximately the desired diameter of the finished coins was cast, then individual blanks were chopped off the end with 3 or 4 heavy hammer and chisel strokes, on an anvil, rotating the bar 90º at a time between strikes.  This tended to make squarish flans - like the one we see here.  The vague standing deity or personification on the reverse doesn't show any attributes that might allow me to say who was intended - and the emperors of this period tended to use all the possible deities and personifications over time, so even if we knew who was on the reverse, it probably wouldn't be of any help identifing which emperor struck it.

So, judging by the squarish flan and the shape of the head, I'd say this is most likely to be Severus Alexander, 222-235 AD.  Here is a relatively unusual example struck on a large, "medallic" flan which doesn't show the results of cob manufacture nearly as clearly as some: 
like this one, for example: 
this shape for large Æ coins is far more commonly representative of the era with uneven edges often causing significant parts of the legends to fall off-flan.


Crispy silver Roman coin - cooking to remove crust 1605-6 James 1st hammered silver penny

1199 John hammered silver penny - Class 5c


Rev ILGIER ON LVND - Moneyer Ilger of London mint

1341 Edward III hammered silver florin penny


CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

Norfolk and Suffolk Yacht club 18thC Royal Artillery button

2nd C Roman bronze coin - sent for ID

26.44mm, 8.17g

My best guess is that this one is probably Hadrian (117-138 AD.) going strictly by the shape of the head.  However, the reverse is going to be impossible to say much more than that it portrays a deity or personification standing to the right (? I think).  This is getting close to the outer edges of identifiability - by photo at any rate.


1842 Victoria milled silver four pence

4thC Roman bronze sent for ID

You seem to be findingt a lot of contemporary copies these days.  This is almost certainly the product of an "unofficial" mint around 315-320 AD.  I am a little stumped, however, as to just what sort of coin was used as a prototype for this.

It seems a little like the earlier 4th century late-issue folles of the Licinii (some were struck for Constantine & family, but the Licinii are far more often represented) of the "IOVI CONSERVATORI" series.  Those will have Jupiter standing left and generally holding a small figure of Victory in right hand and resting on a scepter with his left.  An eagle and/or a bound captive might appear at his feet or the Victory might be replaced with a thunderbolt, etc.

This is an example of a common type of IOVI CONSERVATORI piece which might have served as a prototype, but placing the scepter in the right hand on yours - although Constantine is more usually portrayed with a Sol reverse (SOLI INVICTO COMITI) during this time period

This is an example of a far more commonly encountered Licinius/IOVI late follis

Alternately, the prototype might have been one of the PRINCIIPIA IVVENTVTIS types of Crispus, Consatntine II and Licinius II Caesars.

It could be a "fantasy" reverse based loosely on all the various standing deity/Imperial reverses of the era and not meant to really copy any one of them.

Interesting piece - I've never seen a contemporary copy of this sort - although the same era saw prolific local copying of the VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP 2 Victories pieces in the Balkans.  Perhaps the conflict between the  Constantinian family/party and the Licinii and their supporters interrupted Imperial coin supplies to Britain at the same time as they did in the Balkans.  That's just a guess, however.


Huge medieval gilded hooked mount

17thC silver seal matrix - rev initial IC , reported as treasure to museum

16thC Tudor gold on silver hooked fastener - reported as treasure to museum Georgian intaglio
17thC gilded knife quillion

1180-1189 Henry II hammered silver penny - Class Ib

Rev WILLELM.ON. LV , Moneyer Willelm of London


18thC decorated clog fastener


1573 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver threepence Medieval mount

1341 Edward III hammered silver florin penny


Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

1300-10 Edward III hammered silver farthing


Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

1341 Edward III hammered silver florin penny


Rev CIVIT/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross 1/4 penny

Moneyer Nicole

19thC buckle 18thC clog fastener 1500-1700 mount
Medieval mount Medeival buckle
1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross 1/4 penny 1582 - 4 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross penny - Class 5b


Rev NIC/OLE/ONC/ANT/ Monyer Nicole of Canterbury mint

1215 Henry III hammered short cross silver 1/2 penny
1552 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat


1351-61 Edward III hammered silver penny- Pre treaty - annulets in obv quadrants


Rev CIVIT/TAS/LON/DON - London mint


1199 King John hammered silver short cross half penny - Class 5b

Reb + Willel ** , Moneyer Willelm

C10thC Saxon gilded disc brooch

Huge C 9thC Viking 'Ladder of life' strapend - theses are know for being unusually large

70.23mm L x 28.15mm W, 43.24g

13thC lead vessica seal matrix 1835 William IV milled silver sixpence
18thC Royal Navy button 1603 James 1st trade weight Royal Artillery cap badge
1900's Generic merchant navy button 1550-1650 buckle

1341 Edward III hammered silver florin penny


Rev CIVIT/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

Victorian Eastern figurine finial

17thC - Very interesting figure of 8 design on this silver thimble

Reported as Treasure - matching design in

PAS NMS-653275

Treasure case tracking number: 2012T135

Roman pendant hanger mount Georgian watch winder 19thC button
Mid 4thC Constantine Roman bronze - two soldiers standing 1247 Henry III hammered silver qtr penny
Medieval strap end

1279 Edward 1st hammered silver penny

Durham mint

1696 William III milled silver sixpence 16thC Tudor gold on silver ring - reported as treasure to museum
1920 George V milled silver Florin (24 pence) 18thC silver thimble Georgian watch winder
17thC lead token Medieval lead trade weight - cross and annulets
1560-1 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny - Marlett mint mark 1215 Henry III hammered silver half penny
16thC Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat 1500-1700 mount
17thC clothing fastener Medieval gilded mount - 2 integral lugs
17thC lead token Medieval casket mount - King on throne

1199 John hammered silver penny - Class 5b2


Rev ILGEIR ON LVNDE - Moneyer Ilger of London mint

Large shield boss with fixing wings - cannot find any parallel for Roman or Medieval
17thC double headed eagle hanger

1279 Edward 1st hammered silver penny

Durham mint

Victorian swam brooch 17thC silvered mount 1500-1650 buckle 1550-1700 buckle
Georgian watch winders Tiny 1670 Charles II milled silver penny

1042 Saxon Edward the Confessor hammered silver penny- expanding cross type 0.72g, 18.48mm

Sent off to the Fitzwilliam museum for recording and ID confirmation

Many thanks for this new find, which I have recorded as EMC 2012.0095.

This is a coin of the London moneyer Spracelinc, with the first letter and part of the second letter of the moneyer's name visible.

Best wishes,


Monster sized Roman bronze sent for ID

32.23mm dia , 22.59g, 4.25 mm thick

Although the detail you speak of doesn't really come through too well in the photo, I'm pretty certain this is Antoninus Pius (138-161 AD) and the reverse appears to be Securitas - that's just about the only personification ever shown slouching at her ease, leaning against a short pillar like this.

I believe the reverse type and legend is SECVRITAS PVBLICA - S - C. Securitas standing left holding long, transverse scepter, resting left elbow on column.  This would date to 142 AD if I have the type right. Probably RIC III 641 (or similar)



Georgian silver thimble Medieval lead token
1526-44 Henry VIII hammered silver groat - Rose mint mark
1696 William III milled silver sixpence 1565 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat
1816 George III milled silver sixpence 1921 George V milled silver sixpence

The seal legend reads 'Seal of Piro'

1260 AD Non Heraldic personal seal of freeholders of Charwelton Nothhamptonshire. 4 have been found attached to pasture rights. The design is typical of mid 13thC non heraldic seals, a fleur -de- lis, a flower, the lamb of god and each names it's owner on the legend



Roman Eagles head bronze votive offering

1351-61 Edward III hammered silver penny- Pre treaty - annulets in obv quadrants. Double annulet stops after TAS


Durham mint

1341 Edward III hammered silver florin penny - Cross 3


Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON London mint

WWII New Zealand army button 19thC Royal artillery button Medieval hanger

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross 1/4 penny

Moneyer David of London

1215 Henry III hammered silver shortcross 1/2 penny
1686 James II milled silver 2 pence Very crisp 1616 James 1st hammered copper farthing - Lennox type 3
1640's lead gunpowder measure and cap

Victorian decorated silver bezel - marked 925 silver c8thC Saxon bow brooch


As dug



Roman silver coin - straight into 'cooker ' to remove crust

Sent for ID

In the wake of Nero's suicide, there was a period of civil war in which several serious contenders to the purple fought it out.  The first to take control in the power vacuum was Galba.  He might have done well if not overthrown by Otho - the fellow on this coin (and a former associate of Nero's - until Nero forced him to divorce his wife and give her to Nero who subsequently kicked her to death). Otho had hoped to be adopted as heir and successor by the much older Galba. When it became obvious this wasn't going to happen, Otho seized the throne on Jan 15, 69 and managed to hold on until the forces of Vitellius, defeating him soundly in a battle, made him decide to follow his former friend Nero in retiring from the Principiate by suicide, April 17, 69.

In short (no pun intended) Otho reigned more briefly than any emperor before the late 3rd century.  He never got around to ordering Imperial Æ small change to be struck with his portrait, concentrating his efforts on the gold and silver, consequently there is no Imperial Roman Æ for Otho. In Æ, only a very few Provincial issues exist for him. This is the basis of one of the classic frauds, the "Sestertius of Otho" produced for centuries to satisfy the collectors who wound up with an empty place in their sestertius tray  Where a demand exists, someone will nearly aways endeavor to fill it.  His gold and silver are both quite scarce, too. 

This denarius with the SECVRITAS P R reverse is the most common type for Otho, but this only means it's slightly less scarce than the other very scarce denarii.


1582-1600 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half pence Early 19thC 6th regiment of foot badge
  C8thC Saxon brooch

Post medieval silver ring 'GOD' reported as treasure to museum

15th/16thC religious pendant

IHS: dating from the 8th c., this is an abbreviation for "IHESUS," the way Christ's Name was spelled in the Middle Ages (despite popular belief, the monogram stands neither for "Iesus Hominum Salvator" --"Jesus Saviour of Men" -- nor for "In His Service.") Popularized by St. Bernardine of Siena, the monogram was later used by St. Ignatius of Loyola as a symbol for the Jesuit Order.

The IHS monogram is an abbreviation or shortening of Jesus' name in Greek to the first three letters. Thus ΙΗΣΟΥΣ, ιησυς (iēsus, "Jesus"), is shortened to ΙΗΣ (iota-eta-sigma), sometimes transliterated into Latin or English characters as IHS or ΙΗC.

The symbol is said to appear rarely in the catacombs, only in the catacomb of Priscilla and the atrium of the Capella Gr�ca (Greek Chapel).1 It was popularized in the fifteenth century, however, by Franciscan disciple Bernadine of Sienna as a symbol of peace. In 1541 St. Ignatius Loyola adopted the symbol with three nails below and surrounded by the sun as the seal of the Jesuit order.

Contrary to some authors, the monogram originally stood for neither for Iesus Hominum Salvator ("Jesus Savior of Men") nor for "In His Service." Some attribute its origin to Constantine's vision, where he saw a cross with the inscription "In hoc signo vinces" ("in this sign you shall conquer,"2 which is abbreviated, according to them, as IHS. However, this seems to require a stretch, as do claims that it is really a pagan symbol. The simplest explanation, as an abbreviation of Jesus' name, is best.


Medieval silver mount - reported as treasure to museum
1694 William & Mary copper half penny Leeds United FA cup winners medal
17thC silvered mount 1930 George V milled silver sixpence
Saxon silvered ridged pin head Georgian buckle Circa 1600 spur rowell

1603 James 1st coin weight 18thC scabbard pommel - chariot and horse design
19thC livery button

Mid 19thC 24th Regiment of foot button

The South Wales Borderers

1340 AD French Jetton

Crown introduced in 1340 by Philip VI (1328-50)

Royal Crown with 3 rosettes across body of crown

Rev Triple banded straight cross fleuretty AV

4thC Roman bronze coin sent for ID

17.2mm, 1.91g

The first is a half-Majorina of Constantius II - it has the same FEL TEMP REPARATIO reverse as the far more common "fallen horseman" and "Emperor in galley" reverse types, but this shows a radiate phoenix standing on a globe.  These were only struck for a relatively short time beginning in 348 (348 to 350, or thereabouts) because given the rapidly shrinking module of the Majorina (some call this denomination a Centenionalis, BTW, in case there's any confusion) as well as the inflation which caused it, they quickly ceased to make any sense.  The exergual mitmark seems to be off-flan, so I can't say where it was minted, except that those on which the phoenix stands on a globe (as opposed to a rocky mound) were generally from the Western mints.


4thC Roman bronze coin sent for ID

2.12g, 18.76mm

The second is a "restored Centenionalis" (some call this piece a "Majorina" and the former type a "Centenionalis", so there is lots of room for confusion regarding the denomination-names here) most likely of either Valens or Valentinian I (364-378 / 364-375 respectively).

This has the reverse type of Victory walking left carrying a wreath and palm-branch and the legend SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE.  This type was struck - alongside of the equally common GLORIA ROMANORVM reverse with emperor dragging a captive - throughout the 364-378 period by both of the brothers (Valens & Valentinian I) as well as for Gratian, a son of Valentinian I who was raised to Augustus by Valentinian in 367 and then took his place after he was killed at Hadrianopolis, and briefly for Valentinian II, a much younger (in order to protect the dynastic succession, he was raised to Augustus as an infant) half-brother of Gratian.

Although the exergual mint mark is illegible in this photo, both of these very common "Æ3" types tended at most mints to employ a complex system of sequence or privy marks in the reverse fields in addition to the exergual mintmarks. Using a spreadsheet of right field/left field combinations to check the possible mints which used a D in the left reverse field (and nothing in the right field), we find this can only have come from the mints of Trier, Aquilea or Siscia.  Those which were struck for Valentinian I (or brother Valens) can only have come from Aquilea or Siscia - so that narrows it down a bit.  The obverse legend is very weak and fragmentary (as you can see) so if I was wrong about who's on the obverse and it is, in fact, Gratian, (although the first letter of the name looks more like a "V" than a "G" to me) then there is a possibility it's from Trier - in fact, for Gratian, it could only be Trier or Siscia.

Since Valentinian II was only a child during almost his entire "reign" (regency) his portrait is always shown much smaller than the portrait on this piece - so he's not a possibility, making this determination slightly less complicated.




2ndC Roman bronze coin sent for ID

32.53mm, 18.34g

Trajan 96-117 AD.  - I'm reasonably sure it is Trajan, but it's pretty tough to be certain in this case.



2ndC Roman bronze coin sent for ID

8.31g ,25.89mm

The woman is Faustina Sr., wife of Antoninus Pius.  Coins were struck in her honor both while she lived and in an extensive series of posthumous issues both by Antoninus and Marcus Aurelius.  Her coins, therefore, date to a broad period - 138 until 175, when her daughter, Faustina Jr, wife of Marcus Aurelius, died and her posthmous coinage completely replaced her mother's.




2ndC Roman bronze coin sent for ID

17.93, 32.56

Hadrian - 117-138 AD.   Unfortunately there isn't enough detail remaining to determine what reverse types of either of these may have been - which might allow us to date them more closely.


1844 Victoria milled silver four pence
Medieval heraldic shield pendant - red and gold
Medieval vessica seal matrix - Madonna and child - house of worship
1327 Edward III hammered silver penny - quadrefoil at centre of reverse cross - York mint 1578 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat
Fire badge Georgian fob seal mount

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton


1611 Swedish hammered silver 1 ore coin

OBVERSE: Sheaf separating letters C.R. in circle and date 1611, legend: REGIS*SVECIA*
REVERSE: Lion rampant, legend: MONETA*NOVA* 1ör
COIN WEIGHT: 1.62 gram
SILVER CONTENT: Ag 250/1000 (.250)
MINT: Stockholm

1158-1180 AD Henry II Cross and Crosslet hammered silver penny - Tealby issue
1854 Victoria milled silver 3 pence

1285 - 1314 AD West Central France jeton

The Paschal lamb jeton - ' I am the lamb of Berry'

Obv MOVTON SVI:DE BE - Pascall lamb standing left, with one foot raised

Rev Triple stranded cross fleuretty within 4 arched tressure

4thC Roman bronze coin sent for ID

The city commemoratives - in honor of both Constantinople and Rome - are contemporaneous with the ubiquitous GLORIA EXERCITVS, 2 soldiers flanking 1 or 2 standards issues.  Each has an allegorical representation of the city - as a relatively similar-looking helmeted and armored woman - facing left on the obverse - one has the legend, CONSTANTINOPOLIS, the other, VRBS ROMA.   The Constantinople type had an anepigraphic reverse showing Victory, carrying spear and shield, in the prow of a galley.  The Rome version has the anepigraphic Shewolf & Twins reverse.  These two types were introduced in 330 AD to announce/commemorate Constantine the Great's re-founding of the city of Byzantium as Constantiople, his new Imperial capital. Both types were struck until his death in 337, and the obverses were resurrected with single-standard Gloria Ex reverses at a number of eastern mints in the late 330's and early 340's.


18thC silver button
Royal artillery badge 19thC livery button 17thC sword hanger
Interesting lead coin weight - no looked it up in ref books yet 18thc Royal artillery button

37th (North Hampshire)
Regiment of Foot

O/R's - 1855-1881

1592-5 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny 17thC Charles II silver button - reported as treasure
1924 George V milled silver sixpence 1912 George V milled silver sixpence
Victorian brooch - male in military uniform signed Mc Donald
Georgian silver locket George III gold half guinea gaming token

1327 Edward III hammered silver groat

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

Saxon mount Georgian fob seal mount  
C8thC Viking fretwork 'ladder of life' strapend - blue and green enamel remains

Early medieval gold ring fragment - reported as treasure to museum

20.79mm x 1.14g

1649 Commonwealth hammered silver penny 1578 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver three pence

See more finds on the 2012 Feb Finds Page 1

See more finds on the 2012 March Finds Page 1