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1351-2 Edward III hammered silver groat - Type F



CIVITAS LONDON (Mint) (inner)

Roman bronze mount Italian States-Venice, Antonio Venier as Doge (1382-1400), Soldino, Venice Mint
Doge standing left, holding banner, R across fields
Winged lion of St. Mark facing left, holding book with both front paws, all in inner circle
Plain Edge
1864 Victoria milled silver sixpence

1205 William 1 The Lion - Scottish hammered silver penny



Moneyer Walter of Perth, Edinburgh and Roxburgh mints

1580-1581 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver three pence - Greek cross mint mark 16thC Elizabeth 1st hammered silver three pence
1573 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver three pence- Eglantine mint mark

1464-70 Edward IV hammered silver half penny- Light coinage


Rev CIVI/TAS/LOND/DON - London mint

13.13mm, 0.34g

18THc Royal Artillery button 18thC clog fastener

1501-1521 Leonardo Lauredan, Doge

Rev: LAVS TIBI SOLI (Thee Alone be Praised). Haloed figure of Christ holding a cross.

Obv: LE LAV DVX S M V (Leonardo Lauredan, Doge. St Mark of Venice.) Doge kneeling before Saint Mark.

1485 - 1509 Henry VII hammered silver half groat - Archb Savage

Keys by neck


Rev CIVI/TAS/EBO/RACI - York mint

1582-84 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat - A mint mark

1216 Henry III hammered silver short cross half penny

Rev AN+SAM - Moneyer Samvel of Canterbury mint

Georgian fob chain gold plated stone decorative swivel
Medieval buckle 1500-1650 buckle 4thC Roman bronze 'galley' coin

Medieval decorated buckle plate

Mid 4thC House of Constantine Roman bronze coin - two soldiers standing

Doge Michele Steno (1400-1413).

Obv: MICHAEL STEN' DVX (Michele Steno, Doge). Doge standing left, holding standard.

Rev: S MARCVS VENETI (Saint Mark of Venice). Winged and nimbate lion of Saint Mark facing.

13thC hammered silver sterling imitation

Crockard - Chaplet of roses to crown

Medieval hammered silver penny - Continental imitation , E(a) Sterling type



1895 Victoria milled silver sixpence

1816 George III milled silver love token

This is the latest date love token coin I have seen

Fascinating relic - 1901 - 1910 Edward VII pendant with young Edward and wife on one side and old Edward on other side

16thC Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat 1600 - 1720 buckle
18thC clog fastener Post medieval German lead bale seal
19thC liver button North Eastern Railways button 1550 - 1650 buckle
Georgian silver thimble Medieval spur rowel 1500 - 1650 buckle

1800 George III gold third guinea


Victorian solid silver case lid 1500-1700 mount 20thC British Railways button
1500-1700 mount 20thC Colchester transport button 1500-1700 mount

Huge 8.5cm long medieval bronze key

10- 40 AD Cunobelin Celtic gold qtr stater - sent to PAS for recording

1.33g, 11.57mm

45 BC to 25BC Addedomarus - Trinovantian tribe Celtic gold qtr stater - sent to PAS for recording

1.34g, 12.34mm


Simply stunning chunky early medieval gold decorated bronze cross pendant - The gold pin decoration is very interesting as it probably riveted a central inlaid emblem which is now missing- one for the museum to play with

18.76g, 41.18 mm L x 6.73 mm T



Saxon silver penny fragment sent to Fitzwilliam for recording and ID - reported as hoard to museum

Saxon silver penny fragment sent to Fitzwilliam for recording and ID - reported as hoard to museum

Saxon silver penny sent to Fitzwilliam for recording and ID - reported as hoard to museum

This is probably a 1016 AD Cnut Short Cross type

These three new fragments and the Cnut Short Cross fragment reported in 2014 seem to be from four separate coins.

The largest new fragment reads +PVLFP[  ], which is the beginning of numerous moneyers' names in the Short Cross type, and the surviving portion of the moneyer's name on the the other fragment with a visible inscription - [  ]FPO[  ] - is equally ambiguous.

Best wishes,


4thC Roman bronze coin sent for ID

Your first piece is a "garden variety" Constantius II, 337-361, reduced Æ majorina, c. 350-355, FEL TEMP REPARATIO Soldier lunging left spearing fallen horseman. I can't read the exergual mint mark, but these were struck at all the official Imperial mints and probably dozens of unofficial mints here and there throughout the Empire.
There is a good chance this is locally produced on at least a semi-official basis.

Mark Lehman


16thC Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat

4thC Roman bronze coin sent for ID

And your coin # 2 is a billon "Quinarius" (presumably 1/2 antoninianus) of Allectus - the far less successful successor to Carausius, 293-296.
The reverse is LAETITIA AVG, galley rowing left.  These were struck in London and in your neck of the woods.  If you can reveal any letters in the exergue under the galley, you can determine if it's London or Camulodinum/ Colchester.  If you can make out a "QC" or "CQ" in the exergue you'll know it's local, if there's an "QL" it's London


15thC lead token - type 2 1550 - 1650 buckle
1550 - 1650 buckle 15thC lead token - type 2 Medieval hammered silver farthing

1676 billion silver coin

XV Kreuzer (15 Kreuzer) Breslau 1676 MMW RDR Leopold I.

Austria, Leopold I (Hogmouth)



1922 George V milled silver florin (24 pence)
1565 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver sixpence 4thC Constantine Roman bronze coin - two soldiers standing
1582- 1584 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat- A mint mark 2ndC Roman bronze sestertius coin
Medieval annular brooch with enamel inlays 1553 Mary hammered silver groat
1835 William IV milled silver sixpence Post medieval trade weight

First double bust type 2ndC Roman silver I have seen - sent to mark Lehman for an ID

Very interesting - this is Marcus Antonius - Marc Antony - and Octavian (later to be Augustus) - an issue from Ephesus in the spring-summer of 41 BC - before the two of them had fallen out and while they were two legs of the triumvirate - along with Pompey.

Obv: M ANT IMP AVG III VIR R P C M BARBAT Q P (MP & AV are ligate) Bare head of Marc Antony right.
Rx: CAESAR IMP PONT III VIR R P C. Bare head of Octavian, right.

This is a HIGHLY desirable coin in almost any condition, but this is in pretty good shape.  The "granular" area, I'm afraid, looks a lot like a shovel-mark - but that's one of the almost unavoidable risks of MD (or really, any) digging style.

I would advise the owner to seek professional conservation - or to leave it completely as-found until some sophisticated and professional cleaning techniques can be brought to bear.


You may hear talk about the "historicity" of a coin - this one is from quite near "ground zero" for the true beginning of the Roman Empire as we know it.

My congratulations to the digger.  It might not have the market potential of an aureus, but it's an important historical document nonetheless.




1361 Edward III hammered gold 1/4 noble

Edward III (1361), Quarter-Noble, Transitional Treaty Period, quartered shield of arms - need to be straightened for definitive ID

lions in angles, lis above lion in fourth quarter, within beaded and linear tressures of eight arcs, trefoils in spandrels, beaded circle surrounding, saltire stops in legend, +exaltabitvr: in: gloria


Ancient gold slag nuggets probably Saxon period- a previous larger example we found was disclaimed by the British museum as undiagnostic. The previous finder melted down the slag and made two gold cross neck laces, one was presented to landowner,

Sent to local and Fizwilliam museum for their comments

10.15g, 21.06mm L

10.22g, 22.55mm L


16.72g, 36.43mm L

17.15g, 30.60mm L


Saxon silver penny fragment sent to Fitzwilliam for recording and ID - reported as hoard to museum Medieval hammered silver farthing

1199 King John hammered silver short cross penny - Class 5a-5b

Obv RICVS R **

Rev ICE+RA - Moneyer Ravlf of Chichester mint

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross farthing
1590 -1592 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat - Hand mint mark Medieval hammered silver long cross penny
19thC livery button 16thC Tudor clothing fastener 1603 James 1st hammered silver penny

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross penny

Obv hENR **

Rev hEN/RIO - Moneyer Henri

16thC Elizabeth 1st hammered silver three pence
Medieval hammered silver long cross farthing

1327 Edward III hammered silver half penny

Obv + EDWA**

Rev TAS/LON - London mint

1216 Henry III hammered silver short cross farthing

1216 Henry III hammered silver short cross half penny

Obv hEN*** X

Rev NICOL * - Moneyer Nicole

1553 Mary hammered silver groat Roman bronze mount

10- 40 AD Cunobelin Celtic gold qtr stater - sent to PAS for recording

1.31g, 11.16 mm


Medieval Papal Bullae. A lead Papal Bullae of Pope

Obverse shows the heads of the apostles Peter and Paul, the founders of the Church of Rome with SPASPE (Sanctus PAulus and Sanctus PEtrus) above


38.73mm, 44.13g

So far I cannot find the pope's name on the complete popes list links above ??

The reverse (verso) of the bulla shows the name of the Pope, which is written in the nominative, with his abbreviated title. It reads 'CELE / STINVS / PP • III' within a beaded border. The 'PP' has an 'Ω' above.

This bulla has the name of Pope Celestine III on the verso. He was elected Pope in 1191 and continued until 1198.

Spectacular find

c 10th C Late Saxon stirrup mount - Class 4 Type 10B - Traces of original silvering with decoration around top and edges remain

This classification comprises most of the mounts reflecting the Urnes style influences and depicting coiled animals.

Similar design Ref 190 Page 55 Williams - The curving neck of the beast seems to terminate in a head with a beak.

2ndC Roman fibular brooch 1500 - 1650 buckle Medieval buckle

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross farthing

Obv ** RIC **

Rev ARD - Moneyer Ricard

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross farthing

Obv **REX **

Rev ** ROB** - Moneyer Roberd or Robert


1180 -1189 Henry II hammered silver short cross half penny - Class 1

Obv X hENR ***

Rev OR + REIN - Moneyer Reinald of Northampton mint

1279 Edward 1st hammered silver penny

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross half penny - Class 5

Obv **RICVS RE **

Rev /VND/REN - Moneyer Renavd of Burt St Edmunds mint

1500-1650 buckle 19thC hunting button
1500-1700 mount 1500-1700 mount 2ndC Roman fibular brooch
1795 Royal Artillery button Roman mount

1279 Edward 1st hammered silver halfpenny


Unknown Roman widget with suspension loop ? 1867 Victoria milled silver sixpence

1560 - 1561 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver shilling (12 pence) Cross Crosslet mint mark

15thC 'Shield of France' Jetton


1578 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat - Greek cross mint mark
1578 - 9 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny - Greek cross mint mark 1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross farthing
1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross farthing 1560 - 1561 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny -Cross Crosslet mint mark

1526-44 Henry VIII hammered silver sovereign penny - TC above shield

Obv CIVI TAS EBO RACI - York mint

1635 -6 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Crown mint mark
Victorian gold signet ring
1760 Russian bale seal Gold plated Victorian watch winder
1550 - 1700 buckle Medieval book clasp

10-40 AD Cunobelin Celtic silver unit

Sitting Griffin type - CVNO in tablet, wreath border

Griffin right on tablet containing CAMV - Classed as Extremely Rare

VA2051 1.25g, 14.29mm

Roman silver coin - needs a good cook to remove horn silver crust 1677 Charles II milled silver two pence

Primary Saxon silver sceat 600- 700 AD - 'cooking' it to clean off crust

Sent to Fitzwilliam museum for recording

1.27g, 12mm

Many thanks for this new find, which I have recorded as EMC 2015.0132.

We can hope that the 'cooking' will improve the detail

Best wishes,


Continental milled silver

LOUIS XV "THE WELL-BELOVED" Écu dit "aux branches d'olivier" 1738 Tours silver

Obverse : LUD. XV. D. G. FR. ET NAV. REX. Buste du Roi à gauche, la tête nue, le cou cravaté, portant le cordon et la croix de l'ordre du Saint-Esprit sur une veste brodée ; au-dessous un coeur
Reverse : SIT NOMEN DOMINI - E - BENEDICTUM (Mg) 1738 Écu de France ovale, couronné entre deux branches d'olivier

1578 - 9 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver six pence- Greek cross mint mark
16thC Tudor S buckle

1961 Butlins enamelled badge

Ayr in Scotland

15thC lead token

Superb 1500 -1700 fish design belt slide

Huge Roman bronze sent for ID

29.27mm, 13.09g

Yes, it's a pretty easy one to pin down as to the emperor - I love it when we have nice, clear obverse legends

I believe this is a smallish bronze sestertius rather an an as, at this weight. This is Gordian III, a young emperor (ascended at the age of 13 or so, I believe) who ruled for a relatively long time towards the beginning of the social, political and economic chaos of the 3rd century. He ruled from 238-244 - from the time of the defeat of his uncle and grandfather, Gordians I & II until he was deposed by the Praetorian prefect Philip (I, "The Arab")

The sestertius, which had previously primarily been struck in "orichalcum" brass had by this time become a fully bronze piece. The obverse legend on this is IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG. Gordian was given the title "Pius" (faithful) due to his significant efforts to punish the legion responsible for the downfall and death of his uncle and gandfather. 
What I can't be quite so certain about is the reverse type. We have only the lower half of the figure, hips and legs - and possibly a raised hand, to work with and so it could be any of the personifications or deities portrayed standing in this posture. I believe the legend is probably "AETERNITAS AVG; S - C" with radiate Sol standing facing, head left, raising right hand and holding globe in left - but I can't be 100% certain.  This is a commonly-seen type for Gordian - an as of the same type and issue:

This piece, at 9.09g, is just about right at average for an As - yours at 12+g must have been a sestertius since dupondii invariably had the ruler wearing the radiate crown. 

Not a bad find, considering how profoundly chipped and deteriorated a lot of the Æ you've been finding lately seems to be - this isn't nearly so bad as some.


1866 Victoria milled silver sixpence

1485 -1509 Henry VII hammered silver sovereign penny - RD by shield

Throne has one pillar

Bishop Fox - Durham mint


Very interesting Roman bronze mount - could be a face

Medieval badges Ref Mitchiner p244 939 - 941


'A badge for a Knight of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre in bronze and dating somewhere around C13/14th possibly very slightly later . This is a very scarce item and it relates to The Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem being a Catholic chivalric order of Knighthood that traces its roots to Godfrey of Bouillon, principal leader of the First Crusade. According to reliable sources in the Vatican and Jerusalem, it began in historical reality as a mixed clerical and lay confraternity (association) of pilgrims which gradually grew around the most central of the Christian holy places in the Middle East, the Holy Sepulchre or the tomb of Jesus Christ.This would have been a pin for a member of the order , there is a mark on the reverse where the original pin would have been fixed '

1377-1399 Richard II hammered silver half penny

Rev **D REX x ANGL'+

Obv CIVI/TAS/***/DON = London mint

1649 Commonwealth hammered silver half groat
1816 George III milled silver shilling 1931 George V milled silver sixpence
This amazing huge copper relic, that I though initially was a monster medieval religious find, turns out not to be as it appears . When I blew up the photo I noticed a MADE IN GREECE mark next to the double bust- This had me completely fooled. Still a neat find but not a 1000 years old LOL

Staggeringly beautiful 16thC Tudor gold key brooch - reported as treasure to museum

1.80g, 36mm L

Heavy thick 17th/18thC gold posy ring with inscription - reported as treasure to museum

'God alone made us tivo one' ( God made us to two be one ?)

Maker RD

7.51g, 22.68mm

Medieval high carat small gold band - possible child's ring

12.56mm, 0.16g

1279 Edward 1st hammered silver penny


Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

Medieval mount

1550 -1700 buckle Georgian fob seal 1902 silver spoon - London

Victorian 25th Regiment of foot button

Kings own royal border regiment

20thC shipping line badge Georgian button
Post medieval spur rowel Victorian Royal Engineers button 15thC lead token Medieval buckle plate
1500-1700 mount 1550 - 1650 buckle 1500-1650 buckle 17thC lead token
1844 Victoria milled silver sixpence 1885 Victoria milled silver three pence
Medieval lead token Unknown early military button 1500-1700 mount Unknown military button

1500-1200 BC Late Bronze Age arrow head

Rare find 19thC Harwich Loyal Volunteers army button

Napoleonic period

19thC Norwich Union Society

Insurance company button

18thC Royal Artillery button
1730 George II milled silver shilling 1685 James II milled silver shilling

Stunning 11thC late Viking buckle - two biting beasts gripping the cross bar of the buckle

1696 William III milled silver sixpence 1685 Charles II milled silver two pence

French Jetton

Crown introduced in 1340 by Philip VI (1328-50)

Royal Crown with 3 rosettes across body of crown

Rev Triple banded straight cross fleuretty AV

1279 Edward 1st hammered silver penny

Obv + EDWA**** hYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

1500 -1700 mount 18thC Royal Artillery button 1582 -1584 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat - A mint mark



Part of 1st to 4thC Roman bronze and silver hoard reported to museum as potential treasure
1554 Mary hammered silver groat WWII Royal tank regiment button 1500-1700 mount
10thC Saxon harness cheek piece

Britain's Merchant Navy
Generic Design Issue
In use 1900 - 2000's

Bliss Bros Ltd

Rd 665050

1900's Generic merchant navy button
1767 Dutch Over Ysell copper coin 1928 George V milled silver shilling

Royal Artillery button

Dates - 1840 - 1855

Medieval bronze thimble 1625 Charles II hammered silver half groat
18thC George III gold half guinea gaming token

1770's George III gold half guinea coin weight

2 pennyweight and 16 grains

1856 Victoria milled silver sixpence Essex county button
Medieval copper suspension bar, reminds me of a basic balance scales
Roman pugio suspension ring Romano/British bronze gilded pendant - suspension loop remains
Georgian silver spoon handle 17thC clothing fastener 20thC British Rail button

Georgian silver spoon

15thC lead token 19thC sailing button RN Capt / Commander - 1787
RN Lieutenant - 1787

Royal Artillery button

Dates - 1840 - 1855

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross half penny

Rev TAS/LON - London mint

Oct 1470-April 1471 Henry VI hammered silver penny (2nd reign) - initial mark Lis

G and Key to side of neck - quatrefoil in centre of reverse cross - York mint

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross half penny 16thC Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny
1603 James 1st hammered silver half groat Georgian silver cuff-link with glass stone
1653 Jeremy Erds of Manningtree Essex hammered copper trade farthing
15thC lead token - type 2 19thC livery button
Victorian trade weight AA GB 19thC buckle 16thC Tudor button

HB in script
Hester Bateman
London 1786

First recorded English woman silversmith
maker's mark in cursive

London Assay office

Hester Bateman is without doubt the most popular and renowned of all women silversmiths. Yet Hester's career as a silversmith was never intended. Widowed at the age of 51, she inherited her husband's small workshop practice and for the next thirty years, this unlikely shrewd business woman, grew the workshop into a thriving silver manufacturing firm. Hester Bateman was born in 1704 in Clerkenwell, London (England), and married John Bateman (a goldsmith) in about 1725. They had six children; John, Letticia, Ann, Peter, William, and Jonathan. The family lived at 107 Bunhill Row in the Parish of St. Luke in North London for more than a century. John and Hester purchased the houses on both sides of theirs, and two of the children occupied those homes in later years. Although his sons Peter & Jonathan were both doing their silversmithing apprenticeships, when John Bateman died in 1760, he bequeathed all his tools to Hester suggesting that she was already an accomplished silversmith. However, even with the skills of the trade, Hester had no small task ahead of her to continue the business. In these times, women-owned businesses were generally not accepted, and the industry was highly competitive. Unperturbed, Hester registered her mark of a scroll HB at Goldsmiths Hall in 1761 and aided by her son's Peter and Jonathan along with Jonathan's wife, Ann, the business boomed. In 1790, Hester finally retired at the grand old age of 81. Sadly, the following year her son Jonathan died, leaving Peter without his two long term partners. He turned immediately to his sister in law Ann, making her a partner in the business and registering their joint mark in 1791. From then Ann became the driving force in the business until her retirement in 1805. In 1800, Jonathan and Ann's son, William, became a partner in the family business, completing possibly the most famous of all silversmithing dynasties. Unlike most silversmiths who specialised in just one area of production, the Batemans were masters of many, producing fine wares right across the board. The main reason for their success was due to Hester's attention to design, detail and quality. All the pieces that left the workshop would be inspected to the highest standard and with this attitude the business grew. Many pieces of Hester Bateman's silver show identifying characteristics such as bead detailed edges and fine designs of bright-cut engraving. They received many commissions from The City Guilds, various religious establishments, and private individuals


18thC Royal artillery button

Royal Navy Lieutenant - 1748

RN Flag Officer - 1748
Full Dress - 1748 - 1767
G. P. Dress - 1748 - 1783
Full & Undress - 1748 - 1787

Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) was the air arm of the Royal Navy, under the direction of the Admiralty's Air Department, and existed formally from 1 July 1914 to 1 April 1918
16thC Tudor button 18thC Royal navy silver button WWI Royal artillery cap badge
Georgian bell trade weight

Crude 18thC German Jetton

Lion of St Mark standing left with both wings shown. Book of the Gospels between fore- paws.Halo, rising into the margin, is surrounded by a star:

Post medieval lead bale seal 1763 Russian lead bale seal
17th Street of Colchester Essex hammered copper trade farthing 1836 William IV milled silver four pence
1590 - 92 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny - hand mint mark 1816 George III milled silver sixpence
1844 Victoria milled silver three pence 1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross farthing

Medieval hammered silver half penny

Rev LON/CIVI - London mint

Medieval hammered silver half penny
1874 Victoria milled silver three pence Georgian spur buckle fitting 18thC clog fastener

Georgian silver decorated mount

1279 Edward 1st hammered silver penny - Class 9 star on breast


A copper-alloy sexfoil mount of Medieval date. The mount has been stamped from a piece of sheet-metal. It has six convex petals separated by grooves which cross at the centre. The underside is hollow and there is a possible corroded rivet attachment at the middle. Several examples of sexfoil mounts have been found in excavations in London (see Egan and Pritchard 1991: 186-193).

Class: Sexfoil


Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL Date from: Circa AD 1300
Date to: Circa AD 1500

Materials and construction

Primary material: Copper alloy

Manufacture method: Stamped

A copper-alloy cast mount. The mount is quatrefoil in shape with a cusp in each angle.


Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1600
Date to: Circa AD 1700

19thC corporation button

19thC 53rd regiment of foot button

The 53rd (Shropshire) Regiment of Foot

Lots of George V and VI milled silver sixpences turning up
Medieval lead trade weight Georgian watch winders 1500-1700 mount 1500- 1700 buckle
1805 Denmark 2 skilling milled silver billion coin 18thC clog fastener

1422- 27 Henry VI hammered silver groat - Annulet issue - Annulets by neck and two sets of oppossing pellets on reverse - Incorrect spelling of Calsie - IE missing, Obv legend should end in Z FRANC ??


Rev VILLAx CALISx - Calais mint

Great shape 4thC Roman silver washed coin - sent for ID

1.84g, 18.84mm

Could I please have an average diameter and approximate weight?
This appears to be a SERIOUS oddball - we can start right off with the laureate bust on what seems lke it should be an antoninianus.  Then the obverse legend is very unusual - and so far I have not been abe to find this legend in any of the lists of legends for Maximian.
This appears to be PROVIDENTIA AVG (possibly AVGG). Maximian had a PROVIDENTIA AVGGG but a seated, not standing, Providentia.

Carausius issued a few coins in the names of the Tetrarchs with whom he wished to be identified - and I haven't gotten that far yet, but I'll let you know if I find something.

Very interesting.


This turns out not to be so oddball as I originally thought - because my initial guess was off by about 60 years - This is Maximinus I, 235-238 ("Thrax", "The Giant", "The Goth", etc. it's assumed he suffered from acromegaly) and if, as I'm guessing, it turns out to be in the 22-25mm vicinity, it would be an As. If it's larger, then it's more likely to be a Sestertius.
The reverse type, PROVIDENTIA AVG; S - C (single "G" in avg) Providentia standing left holding wand and cornucopiae, globe at feet, is completely appropriate and quite common for the period.
It was also the vagueness of the legend at ~2:00-4:00 obverse had me confused as well - the obverse legend is IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG.

It was obviously wrong for Maximinus II Daia, and I kept trying to find some issue of Maximian - perhaps a post abdication issue - instead. This denomination, quite rare, but not unknown during his time was still not listed with any standing Providentia reverses.

You have very seldom found - or at least showed me - coins of this general era.  I find it somewhat surprising, since both earlier and later Roman coins seem to be represented in profusion.  Was there some sort of disaster, plague or other external force which depressed the Roman settlement and/or population in the Colchester area around the early-mid 3rd century?


PS - I should give you a reference - if an As, it's RIC IV 63, Mint of Rome & SRCV 8362. 

At that size and weight - and missing the S - C (which I somehow thought I was seeing) this is actually a denarius.  It should be silver, but if it's demonstrably Æ, then it's probably what is erroneously called a "Limes Denarius" - these were high-quality copies made primarily in the Balkans and central Europe by making molds in clay using official coins. These are often found silvered - and often found with all traces of silver (if there ever was any) missing.

No one is quite sure where these fit into the monetary picture of the times, but they exist in great numbers - so great that they must have been in circulation.

Change those references to: RIC IV 13; RSC 77; SRCV 8315.

That would be for the prototype denarius from which it was copied. If it's Æ - and it seems awfully light for silver - then it's a contemporary copy made in the so-called "Limes Denarius" tradition.



1279 Edward 1st hammered silver half penny - inner circles both sides


Rev LON/DON - London mint

1603 James 1st hammered silver half groat

1490 - 1500 Henry VII hammered silver half groat - two arches jewelled - no lis to 7 tressures, Tun mint mark

King and Archbishop Morton jointly - no stops


Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

c10th Saxon stirrup mount - Type 9 human mask type Royal Army ordnance Corp badge
Medieval mounts

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross farthing

Rev/OND/ - Durham mint

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross penny

Rev VCD/NIC/O ** Moneyer Nicole of London mint

Unknown copper coin - needs clean to reveal detail - possible Asian
20th Alloy Navy badge Irish Charles 1st hammered silver sixpence - Harp mint mark
Large 18thC toy cannon

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross penny


Stunning 14thC enamelled harness pendant

Victorian lion headed belt buckle 18thC musket ram rod guide 18thC Royal artillery button
1680 Charles II milled silver three pence 1709 Queen Anne milled silver shilling

1702- 14 Queen Anne milled silver shilling

Exeter mint

1300- 1310 Edward 1st hammered silver penny - Class 10


Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

1846 Victoria milled gold half sovereign

19.38mm, 4.02g

c10thC Stunning gilded and decorated Saxon brooch fragment

1818 George III milled silver sixpence 1623- 4 James 1st hammered silver penny - Lis mint mark
Post medieval cloth seal


19thC - 57th (West Middlesex) Regiment of Foot button

The regiment started out as the 59th Regiment of Foot raised in Gloucester in 1755. After the disbandment of the 50th Regiment of Foot and the 51st Regiment of Foot in 1756, it became the 57th Regiment of Foot. In 1782, it was given a county connection, becoming the "57th (the West Middlesex) Regiment of Foot".

The 57th Regiment earned their nickname of "the Die Hards" after their participation in the Battle of Albuera, one of the bloodiest battles of the Peninsular War, fought on 16 May 1811

1827 Russian lead bale seal Georgian horse harness bell

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