Metal detecting holidays in England

with the Worlds most successful metal detecting club

Twinned with Midwest Historical Research Society USA

 

2017 Oct finds

Facinating Celtic gold qtr find that appears to be a 70BC Morini boat tree type but it is not.It is underweight by 0.5g and debased gold.

Morini's are typically pure gold and 1.44g,10.5mm

It is possibly the earliest British Celtic gold coin example - sent off to musuem for confirmation

 

0.89g,11.86mm

Monster sized cow bell- Aldbourne foundary

1760-1780
1792-1799

Robert Well I
Robert Wells II

1575 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny - Ermine mint mark 1620-1 James 1st hammered silver half groat- Rose mint mark

Monster rare find - 1554-8 Phlip and Mary hammered silver penny -Lis mint mark

 

1636 Charles 1st hammered copper rose farthings

 

Medieval gilded hanress pendant

17thC John King, grocer of Colchster Essex hammered copper trade farthing

Ref Norweb 1185

1500-1650 buckle 1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton
1500-1660 mount 16thC Continental jetton

1st to 2nd C Roman silver coin sent for ID - needs a good cook to remove crust

 

 

Victorian Royal Artillery button 1500-1650 buckle 1636 Charles 1st hammered copper rose farthings
1500-1700 mount 15thC lead token - type 2 17thC hammered copper trade farthing
Medieval hammered silver long cross penny 17thC hammered copper trade farthing

Medieval to Post-Medieval barrel tap and spigot (c. AD 1400 – c. AD 1550).

17thC lead trade weight

Sword of St Paul mark

36mm,3.8oz

16thC Tudor button RN Cap't / Commander - 1901
1500-1700 mount 16thC Tudor seal spoon handle 1696 William III milled silver shilling
Post medieval Polish lead bale seal

Air training corp buttons

1941 the Air Training Corps (ATC) was officially established

19thC printing press block - V Georgian cuff link Post medieval lead mount
18thC crotal bell 1600-1650 buckle Georgian silver spoon handle
15thC bronze thimble Georgian silver faced button

1900 Victoria milled silver half sovereign

19mm, 20.15g

Medieval hammered silver long cross half penny - Quatrefoil with pellet in centre of cross - York mint 16thC Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat
Medieval lead token 17thC lead token
15thC lead token 20thC corporation button 1818 George III milled silver shilling forgery

 

Medieval seal matrix - Madonna and child impression

Detail is cleaning up nicely

1569 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver sixpence - Coronet mint mark 17thC William III milled silver shilling
Rare find - 1685 James II milled silver shilling

1465-76 Edward IV hammererd silver long cross penny -T and key by neck - Class XXIiv (York)

Bishop George Neville - Quatrefoil at centre of reverse cross

Obv EDW***********

 

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross farthing

Rev VND - London mint

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross farthing

Rev RIO - Moneyer Henri

1413-22 Henry V hammered silver half penny - Type 2, pellet and broken annulet by crown - satire stops in reverse legend

Obv + HENRIC REX ANGL

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

 

1300-1310 Edward 1st hammered silver half penny -type 28 - New issue inner circles both sides

Obv + EDWARDVS REX A

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON- London mint

1639-40 Charles 1st hammered silver hammered silver half groat- triangle mint mark 1817 George III milled silver sixpence
17thC button Georgian watch winder 2 - 16thC Tudor buttons

19thC advertising token

Malborough & Waterloo House, Harwich Essex.

Tea, Coffee,Peter,Nutmeg.Ginger,Clover, Mustard,Coco,Tapioca.

Raw & Loaf Sugars

The Trade supplied

Wholesale Prices for Cash Only

15thC lead token Medieval buckle
RN Capt / Commander - 1812 15thC lead token - type 2 Post medieval Russian lead bale seal

1279 Edward 1st hammered silver long cross farthing

Obv hYB+ED***

Rev /DON - London mint

Medieval hammered silver coin fragment
Medieval hammered silver long cross coin fragment

Medieval hammered silver long cross coin fragment

Rev CA- Newcastle mint

1560-1 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny - Corss Crosslet mint mark

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross half penny

Rev EN/AVD - Moneyer Renavd

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross half penny 1638 Charles 1st hammered silver rose farthing
19thC Victoria milled silver sixpence Medieval lead trade weight Georgian buckle

1300-1310 Edward 1st hammered silver half penny -type 28 - New issue inner circles both sides

Obv + EDWARDVS REX A

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON- London mint

19thC livery button French Infantry Button
3rd Line Regiment
Circa 1803-1814
Medieval hammered silver long cross penny 1817 George III milled silver sixpence

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jetton Medieval buckle
17thC Thomas Reynolds bays maker of Colchester hammered copper farthing - undated type 1819 George III milled silver shilling
Victorian half ounce trade weight Medieval hammered silver long cross penny fragment

Doge Michele Steno (1400-1413).


Obv: MICHAEL STEN' DVX (Michele Steno, Doge). Doge standing left, holding standard.


Rev: S MARCVS VENETI (Saint Mark of Venice). Winged and nimbate lion of Saint Mark facing.

Doge standing left, holding banner, * / m in right field

1279 Edward III hammered silver long cross penny fragment

Obv AR ANGL D***

Rev LON/DON - London mint

1422-27 Henry VI hammered silver long cross penny - Rose at centre of reverse cross - York mint - Mullet by left of crown

Obv ****ANGLIE

16thC Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat

1300-1310 Edward 1st hammered silver half penny -type 28 - New issue inner circles both sides

Obv + EDWARDVS REX A

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON- London mint

1582-1600 Elizabeth 1sr hammered silver halfpenny - No mint mark type

4thC Roman bronze coin - interesting obverse - sent for ID

Chris, This piece is mighty scant of legend, but I can make a few reasonably safe assumptions about it.
1st, your photo of the reverse is upside-down. That “arch” is the doorless gateway in a so-called “campgate” centenionalis.
That the portrait is facing left allows me to at least guess at the date – mid-late 320’s - there having been a particular time-period during which all the Caesars’ campgate coins’ portraits were shown left-facing as opposed to those of the Augusti whose portraits faced to the right.

It could be Crispus, Constantine II or Constantius II – (and possibly Constans?) at any rate, it’s one of the sons of Constantine I – here’s a typical Crispus from that time:
41 Crispus, Caesar, 317-326 A.D.  Æ 3 Follis, 325-6 A.D.    Mint of Antioch  19mm, 2.43gm, axis: 10:00  Obv: FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES. Laureate draped and cuirassed bust left.  Rx: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS. Campgate of 6 tiers, no door, 2 turrets, star above; in ex: SMANTZ.  RIC VII 64, LRBC 1335, Cf. SR 3924, VM 19.
http://www.stoa.org/gallery/album485/41_Crispus_PRC_ANT_b?full=1

a Constantine II, Caesar
39 Constantine II, Caesar,317-337 A.D.   AR/Æ 3 Follis, 324-5 A.D.    Mint of Cyzicus  17mm, 2.39gm, axis: 6:00  Obv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C. Laureate draped and cuirassed bust left.  Rx: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS. Campgate of 6 tiers, no door, 2 turrets, star above; in ex: SMK[A].  RIC VII 26, LRBC 1163, Cf. SR 3948, VM 38.
http://www.stoa.org/gallery/album485/39_Constantine_II_PRC_CYZ?full=1

and Constantius II, Caesar:
42- Constantius II, Caesar, 324-337 A.D.  Æ 3 Follis, 325-6 A.D.    Mint of Antioch  19mm, 3.48gm, axis: 11:00  Obv: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES. Laureate draped and cuirassed bust left.  Rx: PROVIDENTIAE CAESS. Campgate of 11 tiers, no door, 2 turrets, star above; in ex: SMANTH.  RIC VII 66, LRBC 1339, Cf. SR 3984, VM 38.
http://www.stoa.org/gallery/album485/42_Constantius_II_PRC_ANT?full=1

I think you can see how similar they are, also that aside from a few letters in the area off-flan on your specimen, their legends are essentially very much the same as well.
I’d have to check, but Constans may be similarly portrayed – or may not. He was not created Caesar until 333 and the campgate types had been superceeded by the two soldiers and standard(s) Gloria Exercitus centenionales in 330, so probably not.

The most commonly seen ruler (although not, evidently, at the time I was photographing – I’m sure I have better specimens now, but they are awaiting their eventual turn on my website) is Constantine II, Caesar, but Constantius II, Caesar is right up there in numbers as well.

Mark

 

1837 USA milled silver 1 dime 1884 Victoria milled silver sixpence

1636 Charles 1st hammered copper rose farthings

1922 George V milled silver shilling (12 pence)

Victorian copper token - Samuel Perrins

13 Union St, Spitalfields market, London

18thC silver clog fastener Lead toy horse
1895 Victorian silver band - London 18thC silver Royal Navy button 1603 James 1st trade weight - Crown I cipher
Early medieval pin Medieval annular brooch
19thC hunting button   15thC lead token 15thC lead token
WWI Royal Hussars

Royal Harwich Volunteers button - not in any books from circa 1803

Napoleonic period

19thC livery button
Roman bronze terret ring

 

BC looking Republican Roman silver coin - needs cooking to show up detail

Sent to Mark Lehman for an initial ID as it has an unusal obverse symbol


Once I found a minute to have a good look at it, it was easy/obvious. This denarius is by “Octavian” – Gaius Octavius  -  in other words, Augustus as a young member of the 2nd Triumvirate before he became “Augustus”, which he did in 27 BC. This piece dates to ~ 28 BC, or just before he consolidated his power-base to an extent to step into the role of “emperor” which had been carved out by his great-uncle Gaius Julius, (also known as Caesar.)
Nice find! – your diggers are finding some really important and desirable Imperatorial-era coins these days which many an experienced collector would love to be able to own, but are prevented by the very high prices they command – at least they command them when their “opticals” are a bit more market-ready.
Mark
PS – I suspect the so-far “unidentifiable” denarius from a few days ago will also be from the Imperatorial era – it should be interesting to see who it is, eventually, when the obverse legend is revealed a bit.

1665 hammered copper trade farthing 17thC hammered copper trade farthing

Royal Navy - Officers (Roped Rim) Lined Background

1843-1891

17thC button

Unusual trade weight - stars and 895 inscription ??

Need to check my ref books

1934 George V milled silver sixpence Medeival harness pendant

Victorian silver clasp Georgian lead tobacco jar lid handle
It shows these as Roman in my ref books but I am not convinced they are more modern than that ?? 1553-54 Mary hammered silver groat - Pomegrante mint mark

Romano-British protected loop terret

'Protected loop terrets are usually considered to be Roman and dating to the late first and second centuries AD'

This Roman terret ring dates to circa 1st - 2nd century AD. Terret rings were attached to chariots, carts or wagons and served as rein-guides. They helped guide in reins from the horses harness to the rider/charioteers hands. This particular type of 'skirted' terret ring dates to the Roman period (more specifically 1st - 2nd century AD). The terret would have been strapped to a wooden yoke, which is a pole fixed to the front of the cart and passed between a pair of horses. Most vehicles would have five terrets; four small side terrets (two for the reins of each horse) and one larger central terret, probably at the end of the yoke closest to the driver, through which the reins would pass.

614-25 James 1st hammered copper farthing

General type Obv. IACO D G MAG BR (IT)

Rev. FRA ET HIB REX

Early 1660- 2 Charles II milled silver penny - this legend CAROLVS.II.D.G - Crown mint mark
Unknown artillery badge - Not British, cannon facing right ??

1472 -8 Irish Edward IV hammered silver long cross penny - Satires by neck - Quatrefoil in centre of reverse cross

Rev TAS/WAR - Warterford mint

Tiny George 1st trade weight - Crown G cipher 18thC crotal bell Interesting Continental 17th/18thC looking jetton - not got the ref books out yet

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross farthing-

Rev /TON/

1352-1353 Edward III hammered silver penny, Pre Treaty, Series D

Archiepiscopal issue

Quadrefoil with pellet at centre of reverse cross

Obv +ED*******ANGLIE

Rev CIVI/TAS/EBO/RACI - York mint

1279 Edward 1st hammered silver penny

Obv +ED*****DNS hYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

1300-1310 Edward 1st hammered silver half penny -type 28 - New issue inner circles both sides

Obv + EDWARDVS REX **

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON- London mint

1413- 22 Henry V hammered silver half penny - Type 4

Satire after TAS- Henry V, Broken annulet by crown

Obv +hENRIC x REX ***

Rev CIVI/TAS*/LON/DON- London mint

C10thC Saxon harness cheek piece
 
1817 George III milled silver sixpence  

1842 Victoria milled gold half sovereign

20.15g, 19.32mm

c20 AD Cunobelin gold qtr stater - linear series - sent to PAS for recording

11.37mm,1.36g

 

Eastern uninscribed Celtic gold full stater of Dubnovellaunus, c 20 BC - sent to PAS for recording

Cleaned up now

5.42g,18.27mm

Henry V Annulet and mullet by shield type Spink Ref 1756 North 1382 Class C, these were also stuck in Henry VI period.The is a Henry VI legend with a Henry V shield.

1422- 61 Henry VI hammered gold quarter noble

Obv +hENRICxREXxANGLxZx FRANC - double satires stop in reverse legend -Initial cross II

Rev +EXALITA BITVR x IN x GLORIA

Lis at centre of rev, Lis above shield

Annulet and mullet by shield - single satire stops to legend in Obv

1.78g, 19.36mm

4thC Roman silver washed coin - needs cleaning to ID Roman mount 16thC Tudor button
Medieval mount

 

1351-61 Edward III hammered silver farthing

Obv +EDWARDVS REX

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON- London mint

 

1300-10 Edward II hammered silver farthing

Obv EDWARDVS REX AN

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

1578 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver three pence

1351-2 Edward III hammered silver groat - Cross 1 Type F

Obv ** REX. ANGL. Z .FRANC. D.hYB

Rev POSVI DEVM ADIVTORE MEVM (outer)

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

1216 Henry III hammered silver short cross farthing

Rev NIC - moneyer Nicole

15thC lead token Unknown Army button
Victoria token 16thC Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat

Medieval hammered silver long cross penny

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

1199 John hammered silver short cross half penny - Class 5

Rev .ALI - Moneyer Alisander or Alisandre

17thC hammered copper trade farthing

Cast copper alloy buckle

Circa 1650-1720

1859 Victoria milled silver three pence Medieval decorated mount
c10thC Saxon hook fastener 1636 Charles 1st hammered copper rose farthings

Mount Chronology

Broad period: MEDIEVAL
Period from: MEDIEVAL

Primary material: Copper alloy

Manufacture method: Cast

Medieval mount Medieval decorated button

Medieval hammered silver long cross penny fragment

Rev/TO - Canterbury mint

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross - Class 5g

Ren TER/IOh/- Moneyer IoHS of Canterbury mint -

1216 Henry III hammered silver voided short cross half penny

Rev OLE .ON.C - Moneyer Nicole of Canterbury mint

   
Roman silver hoard coin - reported as hoard to museum Roman silver hoard coin - reported as hoard museum

Ancient gold ingot - undiagnostic

0.91g, 6.67g

19thC livery buckle

Copper-alloy cast mount. The mount is quatrefoil in shape with a cusp in each angle. The reverse has two attachment lugs.

1600-1700 AD

250 million year old Mesozoic and Cenozoic echinoderm
WWI Royal Engineers lapel badge 1500-1650 buckle 1817 George III milled silver sixpence

Smallest copper coin I have ever seen, 8mm

No idea what it is ?? Not English

17thC belt slide 17thC decorated handle Edwardian mount
1582 -4 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver penny - A mint mark

1632 5 shilling and 6 pence coin weight

Obv Crown Vs VI D

Rev George and dragon

1595 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver sixpence - woolpack mint mark 1590-2 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat- Hand mint mark

1377-1399 Richard II hammered silver half penny

Obv + RICARD x REX x ANGL

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON- London mint

17thC Jacob Vol,baymaker of Colchester Essex hammered copper trade farthing

Obv IVR

Ref Norweb 1230

London 1963 - 9 carat gold pendant

Unusual huge bronze pot foot - not the normal medieval type so possbly Roman - need to study my ref books

20thC Ottoman Empire medallion ? 16thC Tudor button 17thC lead token
RN Capt / Commander - 1787
RN Lieutenant - 1787
1500-1700 mount 1500-1700 mount Victorian - The 53rd (Shropshire) Regiment of Foot
1554 Mary hammered silver groat 1554 Mary hammered silver groat
2nd C Roman fibular brooch fragment 1666 hammered copper trade farthing
1578 Elizabeth hammered silver three pence - Greek Cross mint mark 1500-1700 hooked mount 1500-1650 buckle
18thC boyonet frog 1500-1650 spur buckle

1279 Edward 1st hammered silver penny

RevTAS/ENE - Durham mint

1327-35 Edward III hammered silver penny - Florin issue

Rev **** AIN +

Rev CIVI/TAS/DV**/**E- Durham mint

1279 Edward 1st hammered silver penny

Obv R ANGL DNS hYB

Rev CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

18thC crotal bell Georgian button

4thC Silver washed Roman sent for ID

 

1635 - 1636, 1648 - 1649 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat

Aberystwyth Furnace, Tower mint

Medieval strap end
1500-1700 mount 17thC lead token Early medieval gilded mount

Continental medieval hammered silver coin - researching it

A Medieval silver coin: type: Brabant Long Cross single-lion sterling (brabantinus), Walt type (M p. 13, 1a-g). Issuer: John I duke of Brabant 1267-1294 and Limburg 1288-1294. Date: ca. 1275-1285

Obverse description: Lion rampant within triangular shield
Obverse inscription: DVX BRABANC[--]
Reverse description: Voided long cross with WALT in the quarters
Reverse inscription: [---] EIG RA TIA

Medieval lead token Cranbrook School Essex badge Georgian bell weight
1817 George III milled silver sixpence 1858 Victoria milled silver sixpence

150BC Celtic gold qtr stater - Gallo- Belgic A type

1.74g,15mm

I think this is one of those 150BC examples - not checked my ref books yet

Iron Age, mid-2nd century BC
Probably made in northern France or Belgium

One of the earliest coins in Britain

This is a superb example of the Iron Age die-engraver's art. It also represents what is thought to be the first type of coin ever to circulate in Britain. They were probably made on the Continent in northern France or Belgium. Gold coins like this crossed over the English Channel, perhaps in trade or as gifts between high-ranking individuals. Some of them were eventually buried in coin hoards and not recovered by their owners. The owner may have died, or simply forgotten where they had put them. Alternatively, the coins may have been intended as permanent, sacred offerings to the gods. They are mostly found today by metal-detectorists, in locations throughout south-east England. Another one was found at Fenny Stratford near Milton Keynes.

The design of the coin is, at several stages removed, descended from the Greek gold staters of King Philip II of Macedon (reigned 359-336 BC). The hair on the left-facing head has grown considerably, while the original two-horsed chariot on the reverse of the coin has been transformed here into a lively, abstract depiction of a horse surrounded by a large array of symbols.

I.M. Stead and S. Youngs, Celts, British Museum Pocket Treasury (London, The British Museum Press, 1996)

D. Nash, Coinage in the Celtic world (London, Seaby, 1987)

18thC toy cannon Georgian pastry jigger Victorian The 53rd (Shropshire) Regiment of Foot

1640's English civil war 2 inch iron cannon ball

Roman bronze pendant Medieval animal headed knife pommel
Georgian shoe buckle 19thC livery button 1820 Geoeg III milled silver shilling
1500 - 1650 buckle Military button ? Honourable East India Company Navy button Georgian button

1824 London hall marked silver spoon handle

Maker Thomas Sones (registered Feb 1774)

Georgian button 15thC lead token 17thC William III trade weight - Crown W cipher 18thC button

 

10 -40 AD Cunobelinus Pegasus Victory left Celtic bronze unit - great ID by Ont Mike

Scarce - probably issued for Kentish use

 

Ref ABC 2921

 

Alexander II 1214-49 Scottish hammerd silver voided long penny

Obv ALEXANDER REX

Rev GEF/RAI/ON/AYR - Moneyer Gefrai of Ayr mint

 

Mint Roman bronze coin - sent for ID

The fairly clear, but edge-chipped centenionalis has Constantius II as Caesar (324-337 AD) on the obverse “FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C” and as I’m sure you know, the two soldiers flanking one or two standards on the reverse will have GLORIA EXERCITVS for the legend. There are two standards, so it dates to the earlier part of the huge emission for the dedication of the new capital at Constantinople, 330-335 AD. In 336 AD, the number of standards was reduced from two to one when the weight of the centenionalis underwent a downward adjustment. I’m not quite certain what the mint mark is on this one, either. What I see doesn’t tend to make much sense, so what is visible must not be exactly what’s there.
One possibility is an open-topped (“U” shaped) wreath preceding PLG which would indicate Lugdunum or modern-day Lyons.
Mark

 
18thC Royal Navy button Army button ? Army button ?  
1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross farthing

1344-51 Edward III hammered silver half penny - Florin coinage -

Type 7

Obv +EDWARDVS REX

Rev CIVI/TAS/LOND/DON - London mint

1300-10 Edward II hammered silver farthing- new issue with inner circles both sides - oval flan - chubby cheeks - Type 28

Obv + EDWARDVS REX

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

 

Medieval long cross hammered silver penny fragment
Medieval long cross hammered silver penny fragment 1216 Henry III hammered silver short cross half penny
1843 Victoria milled silver three pence 1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half penny - rose both sides, no legend type
1636 Charles 1st hammered copper rose farthing Charles 1st Royal farthing - Harp Type Maltravers 'rounds' 1634- 36

1469-70 Edward IV hammered silver half penny - Y mint mark - Type 3a

Canterbury mint Archbishop Thomas Bourchier

Obv + EDWA*** EX

1526-44 Henry VIII hammered silver halfpenny - single arched crown -Cross furchee - narrow hair

Im T

Obv *h*****SPIA

1500-1650 buckle 16thC Tudor clothing fastener Medieval button
Victorian silver can band 17thC hammered copper trade farthing

5thC Roman silver coin used by the Saxons to resemble a sceat and used as a pendant

Sent to Mark Lehman for his ID

I told you I’d get back to you on this one – so far as I can determine from the very few legible letters, this is a siliqua of Gratian, 367-383 AD, the obverse legend should be [D N] GRATIA[NVS P F AVG]. The reverse type is VRBS ROMA with Roma enthroned left holding Victory. The mint mark is fairly unclear, but I think it may be AQP[S] for the mint at Aquilea.
Having two holes would tend to indicate that this piece needed to be “fixed” in its position, but the orientation of neither the obverse nor reverse seems to have been of importance. The holes are pretty large and silver coins were used a lot less often for this, but coins so holed could be sewn to a leather jerkin for a bit of DIY “scale” armor. Or perhaps it was part of a bit of jewelry of some sort which needed to attach at two points as part of a necklace or bracelet.

 

1638-9 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - Tun mint mark Victoria milled silver sixpence
1817 George III milled silver sixpence Post medeival lead token
19thC livery button Interesting token - not sure what it is ??
15thC lead token 15thC lead token 15thC lead token

79th Regiment of Foot

( Cameron Highlanders )

O/R's (W/M) - 1830-1855

Very interesting Navy button with crossed swords - not checked ref books yet 18thC Royal Navy button 19thC livery button 1500-1700 buckle
Medieval mount 1843 Victoria milled silver sixpence

1422-27 Henry VI First reign hammered silver half penny. A.2., roundabout mint mark

Annulets by neck, annulets in centre of pellets in 2 qtrs

Obv +hE*** ANGL

Rev VILLA/CAL/ISIE - Calais mint

16thC Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat

1792 dated 1 penny weight and 7 grains coin weight

Obv DW 1 G 7

Rev 1792

1656 Samuel Salter of Dedham Copper trade farthing
17thC seal matrix 17thC Prince of Wales feathers pendant 1881 Grenadier Guards

Primary Saxon silver sceat 600- 700 AD - sent to Fitzwilliam museum for ID and recording

1.02g,11mm

This is a Series BII sceat recorded as EMC 2017.0317.
The attached image of the reverse is oriented to show the bird on cross with cross to the right of Series BII.
Regards,
Martin

Georgian silver seal matrix

1606 James 1st hammered silver half groat-escallop mint mark

1638-42 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Aberystwyth mint - book mark mint mark

Rev Large plume

1216 Henry III hammered silver short cross half penny

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross farthing

Rev RVS - Bristol mint

Early 70BC uninscribed Maldon Wheel quarter - 'Remi 'Type Celtic gold qtr stater - sent to PAS for recording

13.45mm,1.34g

The coin you sent, incidentally, is a Maldon Wheel quarter, ABC 2234, rather than the standard South Thames British Qc type.  Both are included in my forthcoming book - being published by Chris Rudd any day now - "Divided Kingdoms: the Iron Age Gold Coinage of Southern England".  Every type and variety is illustrated and the 10,300 or so known up to around 2015 are all catalogued with full pedigrees; the many coins recorded through your good self are referred to as 'Inf. C.M.'

All the best

John 

The Remi were a Belgic people of north-eastern Gaul (Gallia Belgica). The Romans regarded them as a civitas, a major and influential polity of Gaul,The Remi occupied the northern Champagne plain, on the southern fringes of the Forest of Ardennes, between the rivers Mosa (Meuse) and Matrona (Marne), and along the river valleys of the Aisne and its tributaries the Aire and the Vesle.

Their capital was at Durocortum (Reims, France) the second largest oppidum of Gaul on the Vesle. Allied with the Germanic tribes of the east, they repeatedly engaged in warfare against the Parisii and the Senones.They were renowned for their horses and cavalry.

Size comparison of coins dug by Chicago and and NY Chris I just photo'd

1697 William III milled silver half crown, Medieval hammered silver penny, Charles 1st hammered silver half penny, Henry VIII hammered silver farthing

1697 William III milled silver half crown (30 pence)

14.92g,32.8mm

1625-42 Charles 1st hammered silver half penny - Rose each side - no legend type

0.18g,9.45

Size comparison farthing to Medieval penny

Smallest hammered silver coin I have seen dug - First ever rare Henry VIII hammered silver farthing we have ever found

7.69 mm,0.13g

1526-44 Henry VIII hammered silver farthing - 2nd coinage - Arrow mint mark - London

Obv Portcullis within circle, im arrow

Rev Rose on long cross

Obv RVTILANSxROSA

Rev DEO GR ACI AS

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross farthing

Rev NT - Canterbury mint

1327-1335 Edward III hammered silver penny - First issue Florin type

Anulet stops in Obv legend

Obv +EDWR o ANGL o DNS o HYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON - London mint

1568 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver sixpence 1649 Commonwealth hammered silver half groat

1247 Henry III hammered silver voided long cross farthing

Rev EM - Moneyer Ieremie

Type 1
Obverse: [Doge’s Name] DVX; Doge standing left, holding banner; mint control marks in right field
Reverse: S MARCVS VENETI; Winged lion of St Mark, holding book of gospels

Doge Michele Steno (1400-1413) Venetian soldino silver coin .


Obv: MICHAEL STEN' DVX (Michele Steno, Doge). Doge standing left, holding standard.

Doge standing left, holding banner, * / m in right field

Very unsual Saxon harness fitting with circule enameled design- Sent to museum for their views

 

Victorian silver Sherry bottle marker Medeival hammered silver long cross penny fragment

Great double busted Roman silver sent for ID - needs a good cook to remove crust

I’m going to need to see this one as it progresses, but on the basis of the family resemblance of the portrait and the fact that the obverse legend appears to be counter-clockwise, it seems very likely to be one of the earlier Julio-Claudians – Julius through Claudius. Send me photos when it’s been cleaned a bit, and I can probably tell you a lot more when the “reverse” becomes legible and/or the portrait on the reverse is clearer and more recognizable .
Mark

Army button 16thC Tudor button

1480-3 Edward IV hammered silver half penny - Heradic cinquefoil mint mark - London mint

Obv +EDW****A REX

Roman silver fragment sent for ID

I can’t be 100% certain on the basis of so little, but there were very few denarius-issuing emperors who used “COS VIII (or VIIII?) in their coin legends.
Then there’s the curly hair – too bad we can’t see if this ruler is bearded.
My best guess at the moment is Antoninus Pius (139-161) he had curly hair, a long straight nose, and was portrayed that way. He also used his consulship numbers through VIII and VIIII (not sure if this fragment is the very end of a legend, or whether it might have the tag-end of P.P. – or even be one of the few in which the consulship number is in the middle rather than at the end of the reverse legend on a denarius.
The other possibility would be any of the Flavians (Vespasian, Titus and Domitian, 69-96) all of whom had 8th consulships (Domitian had a 9th noted on coins) and said so on denarii.
One problem I have with the Flavians is many of their obverse legends were counter-clockwise while the legend on the fragment appears to be clockwise.
If you’re going to cook this, send me an “after” photo and I’ll see if the currently mainly illegible obverse legend fragment can be found in the legends of any of the possible denarii of the aforementioned emperors.
Cheers,
Mark

1636 Charles 1st hammered copper rose farthing 17thC button 17thC silver button - reported as treasure to museum

Medieval strap end 17thC Charles 1st trade weight - Crown C cipher
Huge Georgian fob seal

1533- 56 Henry VIII hammered silver half penny -

Archbishop Thoman Cranmer - TC at sides of bust

OBV hxDxGxROSAxSIExSPIA

Rev CIVI/TAS/CAN/TOR - Canterbury mint

1606-7 James 1st hammered sailver sixpence - Escallop mint mark

1422-61 Henry IV hammered silver penny

Obv ENR***

Rev /SIE - Calais mint

16thC Tudor silver mount - reported as treasure to museum

Interesting Roman bronze sent for ID

This one appears to be a contemporary copy. You had the obverse photo upside-down. After rotating it, you can see that it’s sort of a ¾ left-facing bust, and not of a form that I’ve ever seen on an official Roman coin before. The reverse, I believe, is copied from the VIRTVS EXERCITI centenionales of ca 395-401, by Arcadius and Honorius, featuring Victory reaching up to crown a facing image of the emperor – like this:
Compare to yours:

Or, that reverse might be copied from a fallen horseman FEL TEMP REPARATIO reduced majorina from the 350’s – however, what looks like a discarded shield in the lower right quadrant seems to be the edge of a flan-chip.
43 - Constantius II, 337-361 A.D.  Æ 3, 352-5 A.D.    Mint of Aquilea  17mm, 2.68gm, axis: 1:00  Obv: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG. Diademed draped and cuirassed bust right.  Rx: FEL TEMP REPARATIO. Soldier advancing left, spearing fallen horseman; in ex: AQP.  RIC VIII 199, LRBC 930, Cf. SR 4010, VM 100.

Or it might have been inspired, (like this one, also a contemporary copy) of the “hut” type of FTR majorina:
Contemporary Copy of:  Constans, 337-350 AD.   “Æ 2” /  Billon Majorina  19mm, 3.14gm, axis: 180º / 6h  Mint of Heraclea, 348-50 AD.  Obv: D N CONSTANS P F AVG.  Diademed draped and cuirassed bust left holding globe.  Rx: FEL TEMP REPARATIO.   Soldier walking right holding spear downward between legs, leading youth from hut beneath tree; in ex, [SMHA(*?)]   Prototype: RIC VIII 71 or 78; LRBC 1884; Cf. SR 3976; VM 49.

I also have an example of another contemporary copy of the VIRTVS EXERCITI from northern Africa – Vandalic, probably, like this:
09 - Vandals in North Africa (? source was a mixed lot 'from Egypt')  Contemporary Æ 4 copy of  Honorius, 393-423 A.D.  14mm, 1.41gm, axis: 6:00  Prototype:  Obv: DN HONORIVS PF AVG. Diademed  draped and cuirassed bust right.  Rx: VIRTVS EXERCITI. Victory crowning emperor  Cf. SR 4256, VM 44.  From a hoard found in Egypt

So you can see there are several possibilities for the prototype.

There was also a facing-bust type which might have inspired the obverse of your coin dating from just a few years later than the VIRTVS EX’s, but it’s a ¾ right-facing bust and the reverse is always seated Constantinopolis:
Arcadius, 383-408 AD.  'Æ 3'/ Billon Restored Centenionalis  17mm, 2.01gm, axis: 0º.  Mint of Nicomedia, 401-3 AD.  Obv: DN ARCADIVS PF AVG. Helmeted cuirassed bust facing; spear over shoulder.  Rx: CONCORDIA AVGG. Constantinopolis seated facing, head right, holding scepter and Victory, right foot on prow in ex: SMNA.  RIC X 91, LRBC 2442, SR --, VM 27.

It didn't commonly happen, but contemporary copies occasionally borrowed, copied and mixed devices from more than one single coin-type.
Sorry this ran so long, but it’s sort of a complex question trying to figure out what the local manufacturers had in mind with their designs/devices on the local un- or semi-official issues which became common as the Romans evacuated and left first Britain, then northern Gaul to their own devices.
Mark

Doubel sided Georgian fob seal matrix - needs cleaning 17thC William III trade weight - Crown W cipher
16thC Tudor button Georgian button

586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jetton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1696 William III milled silver sixxpence

1280 Edward 1st hammered silver penny - open C&E - Egg wasted S -Class 3

Obv + EDWR' ANGL' DNS hYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON- London mint

WW1 Prussian Army button

In your numbered section under 33 you have two buttons there that are actually the East Essex Militia, its two fancy E's rather than 3's. The East Essex Militia were formed in 1759 and became the Essex Rifles Militia in 1853 during this period they had five styles of known button of which this is the fourt, so date wise you can go 1760-1853 or probably for this style c1810

Steve

1351 -52 Edward III hammered silver groat - series C

letters C&E closed-Cross 1

Obv ****D'DG REX ANGL oZo FRANC D hYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/EBO/RACI - York mint

1356 -61 Edward III hammered silver groat- series G

Annulet in quadrant reverse cross - letters C&E closed -Cross 3

Obv +EDWARD oDo Go REX ANGL** FRANC oD' hYB

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON- London mint

1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny 1582-3 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat - Bell mint mark

c1690 British coin weight for the French pistole gold coin

Three Lis not in a shield type

Interesting medieval lead item

Edward cross with serpent like an S- pilgrims ampulla size

17thC James 1st hammered silver half groat fragment 19thC hunting button 15thC lead token
1216 Henry III hammered silver short cross farthing

1509-26 Henry VIII hammered silver half penny - Cross fourchee - wide hair

Obv hENRIC***X

Single arched crown

Rev CIVI/TAS/LON/DON- London mint

Interesting Roman bronze sent for ID

I think you’re mistaking the reverse for the obverse on this one. That little altar with skewed perspective and a multi-line Vota dedication, Globus Terrarum atop it and 3 stars above the globe symbolizing Constantine I and his 2 oldest sons, is the reverse. It will have one of several minor spelling variations of BEATA TRANQVILLITAS (blessed peace) for the concentric legend and one of a few variants of the letter arrangement in the Vota. They were struck only for the earliest Constantinians – Crispus is often on the obverse of these. I don’t think we’re going to be able to tell from what’s left of the obverse of yours who is on this one, but the Vota dedication being VOT / I  S / XX, I’m going to guess it’s most likely to have been struck for Crispus, Constantine I’s unfortunate first son, who is most commonly seen on these – like this:
33 Crispus, Caesar, 317-326 A.D.  Æ 3 Follis, 322-23 A.D.    Mint of Trier  19mm, 2.51gm, axis: 1:00  Obv: IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES. Laureate cuirassed bust left holding spear and shield.  Rx: BEATA TRANQVILLITAS. Altar inscribed: VOT / IS / XX surmounted by globe, 3 stars above; in ex: .PTR..     RIC VII 372, Cf. SR 3915, VM 7.
This is a link to another specimen of Crispus:
http://www.stoa.org/gallery/album164/A_11_Crispus_Beata?full=1
and one to a specimen of Constantine II, Caesar:
http://www.stoa.org/gallery/album164/34_Constantine_II_BET_LON?full=1
Mark

1571 Elizabeth 1st hammered silver half groat 1554 Mary hammered silver groat
   
   
   
   

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