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Roman military equipment

Ref Books

Roman buckles and mIlitary fittings - Stuart Laycock

Roman miltary equipment - Bishop & Coulston

Finds from Roman Aldborough - Bishop

Roman studies - The British Museum

Iron Age Britain - Cunliffe

Artefacts - Bennetts

Roman coins page click here

New Roman/British silver coin page click here

New seperate Roman gold page click here

New seperate Roman military artefact page click here


Roman strap fitting (with ring-and-dot decoration)

4.73g, 26.71mm L x 12.57mm W

Roman military suspension loop with 2 rivet fixing



Roman shield

Roman chain mail

Roman armour

A length of roman armour made from copper-alloy scales

Roman swords and Sheaths




Monster find Romano/British Chariot top Terret ring - this is enormous with gold, red enamelled

65mm high





1stC AD Weisenau type helmet - they have the distinctive carrying handle on the neck guard


C4th to 8thC Decorated and gilded helmet cheek piece - could be Roman or Saxon - checking ref books

75.02mm L


Roman helmet handle 14.08g, 87.42mm L

ESS-F7E490 Roman military buckle

An early Roman cast copper alloy buckle. A 'pelta' style buckle associated with the military equipment of the 1st and 2nd century AD, typically used on sword belts. The buckle frame is oval (30.43mm wide), with the terminals curving back in on themselves forming a decorative swirl. The bar is obscured by the pin which is iron and has rusted onto the bar. The remainder of pin has broken off. Attached to the oval frame is a smaller (20.17mm wide) rectangular frame with a grooved pin rest. The colour of the buckle is dark green with rusting around the pin. Cuddeford pages 8 and 9 has parallels, the closest of which is no. 4 on page 9.




Roman Military piece - Lugged baldric mount

Benets Artefact book page 171 .Roman Eagle, spread wings with feathers, mount perhaps from a military standard

A complete Romano-Britsh protected loop terret. The loop through which the reins would have passed remains. This consists of a sub-circular sectioned D-shaped attachment loop that is situated beneath a triangular ‘skirt’ that comes down over the loop to the front and back. At each side the skirt ‘flicks-up’ rather like a jesters hat. There are a number of these types of terrets known from Norfolk including the examples from Beighton and Tatterset (31569 and HER 33975). 44.61g, 45.75mm L x 32.50mm H x 28.28mm H

Protected loop terrets are usually considered to be Roman and dating to the late first and second centuries A



Legio XIX was a Roman legion levied (drafted into military service) in 41 or 40 BC by Augustus. They were destroyed in AD 9 in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest. The emblem of the XIX th legion is unknown, but probably was the Capricorn as other legions levied by Augustus.

The first assignment was in Sicily where Sextus Pompeius, son of Pompey, was still rebelling. This revolt put Rome's grain supply in peril and it needed a harsh response.

In 30 BC, veterans of the XIX legion were settled near Pisa, and after that, the rest of the legion was allocated in the Rhine frontier with base camp at Cologne. The XIX legion participated in the German Campaigns of Drusus (13 to 9 BC) and Tiberius (8 to 5 BC). By the year 5 BC Germania was a Roman province and Publius Quintilius Varus was assigned as governor.

In September AD 9, Arminius, leader of the Cherusci and a Roman ally, set a trap. He reported a major revolt of one of the western tribes and suggested the return of both governor and his legions to the Rhine. Varus accepted the suggestion and went with the XVII, XVIII and XIX legions. The army was trapped near Osnabrück and was completely destroyed in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest. Between 16 and 18, Germanicus, the leader of the Rhine armies, looked for the remains of the legions. His army buried the bodies and recovered the legions' eagles for Rome.

Roman mililtary baldric rosette mount with red enamelling remaining single integral fixing ref Laycock
Roman miiltary baldric rosette mount with single integral fixing - ref Laycock
Roman military Pelta mount
Roman Baldric phalerae


Roman domed studds

3rd C Roman spear butt – Osterburken type Ref Coulston - Drawing Roman 3rdC spear butts
Roman bronze helmet trim
Roman bronze helmet trim
Roman Newstead tie loop
Roman prick spur
Roman baldric mount





Roman coins
Romano British