Metal detecting holidays in England

with the Worlds most successful metal detecting club

Twinned with Midwest Historical Research Society USA

Charles I (1600 - 1649)


Despite enduring a sickly childhood Charles matured into a strong-willed Stuart monarch and an advocate of the divine right of kings. It was his strength, however, that proved his nemesis. After repeated mismanagement of royal affairs - in a style akin to his father James I - Charles was forced into conflict with Parliament that led to civil wars, first with Scotland in 1637, then with England (in 1642-46 and again in 1648), ending with his death by execution.

The second son of James I, King of Scotland and England, and Anne of Denmark, Charles was born a Scottish prince in Fife. He became heir to the throne following the death of his brother Henry. His manner was reserved - he suffered a residual stammer - and self-righteous. His refined tastes and love for the arts put a great deal of pressure on the royal budget, rapidly increasing the crown's debts. The other relevant aspect of his character, which hugely influenced contemporary events, was Charles' religiosity; he was a supporter of high Anglican worship which encouraged ritual and decorum. His marriage to Henrietta Maria of France, a Roman Catholic, added to his unpopularity.

Charles' reign began with an unhappy friendship with George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, who used his influence against the wishes of other nobility. Buckingham was assassinated in 1628. Meanwhile, Charles had dissolved Parliament three times between 1625 and 1629 then chose to rule without summoning Parliament for 11 years. Unrest in Scotland - because Charles attempted to force a new prayer book on the country - put an end to his personal rule. Funds to quash the rebellion were limited and Charles was forced to call first the Short Parliament then the Long Parliament. Conflict in the House led to a foolish decision, prompted by Henrietta, to have five members arrested and civil war erupted.

In 1642 the royal standard was raised by Charles at Nottingham against the Parliamentary forces. The king's supporters, known as the Cavaliers, came from the ranks of peasants and nobility who fought against the militia drawn from the emerging middle classes, Puritans known as the Roundheads. Led by Oliver Cromwell, the New Model Army routed the Cavaliers at Naseby in 1645 and Charles surrendered a year later to the Scottish forces. In 1648 he was put on trail for treason and the king was found guilty by one vote (68 to 67) and his execution was ordered for 1649.

Great site for English Civil War history

The "English Civil War" of the mid-17th Century was part of a wider conflict that involved Scotland and Ireland as well as England and Wales. Also called "The Wars of the Three Kingdoms" and the "English Revolution", the British Civil Wars and Commonwealth period laid the foundations of the modern British constitution.

From the signing of the Scottish National Covenant of 1638 to the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660, this site explores the turmoil of the Civil Wars and Interregnum, and the constitutional experiments of the Commonwealth and Protectorate period of the 1650s.

Charles 1st hammered silver gilded penny - fake gold during civil war rebellion at Colchester ??

1641-3 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - mintmark 2 dots

King had left London and Parliament stuck these coins

 

Monster 1625 Charles 1st hammered gold Unite forgery

Obv CAROLVS DG **

36mm, 12.70g

Charles 1st Scottish 30 shillings 14.95g, 35.63mm

Obv - CAROLUS D.G MAGN BRITAN FRAN ET HIB REX B - Charles by the grace of God King of Britain France and Ireland B(riot)

Rev QUAE DEUS CONIVNXIT NEMO SEPARET - What God hath joined together let no man put asunde

1631 - 32 Charles 1st milled silver half crown (30 pence)

Nicholas Briot's milled coinage - Group III cloak on shoulder

31.05mm, 13.01g

Great relic - 1638 Charles 1st milled silver crown forgery

Two thick silver sheets over a copper core

1660-2 Charles II hammered silver half crown - 30 pence half crown mint mark - 3rd issue

14.68g, 35.1mm dia x 2mm thick

 

 

First milled coinage of Charles 1st Reign 1631

 

Fantastic find - one of the earliest milled coins during the hammered silver coin period.

Nicholas Briot's coinage 1631-9

0.35g- 11.18 mm

1631-9 Briots coinage - Charles 1st milled silver half crown - first test milled silver

This would have been a monster find in good shape

   
   

1631-9 Nicolas Briot's coinage

Charles 1st milled silver one pence one of the first milled silver coinages ever made

rev IUSTITIA THRONUM FIRMAT

1633-4 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - Portcullis mint mark Tower mint under Charles (148)

This coin has me totally stumped !!

First 1645 Charles 1st hammered silver three pence we have found - double struck coin which has obscured the mint mark. The coin has been rotated and double stuck and the combination of oval shield with this legend does not match. It is possible that it is a half groat and that the III behind bust is II. It could be a Tower half groat Group D, North 2254 but the crown is not that of a bust 4.

I suspect this is a very rare coin as I cannot match it in JJ North's ref book. The normal Tower legend is IUS THRONUM FIRMAT and most have the CHRISTO legend. Some coins had the IUSTITA written in full.

Is this an overstrike of a Ashby de la Zouche mint trying to cover the declaration coins in 1645/6 ? I will let the museum experts have a look when it is being recorded.

Rev IUSTITA THORNUM FIRMAT

Half pence

Probably one of the smallest hammered silver coins you can find, 1/3rd the weight of a Medieval silver farthing

1625-42 Charles 1st hammered silver half penny - Rose each side - no legend type

0.17g, 9.5mm

Tiny 1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half penny - rose both sides, no legend type - 10.19mm, 0.32g

 

1625-42 Charles 1st hammered silver half pennies - Rose each side - no legend type

 

 
One pence

 

First rose each side with legend and no inner circles I have seen dug

1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny

Really crisp 1634- 5 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - Tower mint under Charles 1st - Bell mintmark

Charles 1st hammered silver one pence -

1625-42 AD Struck at the Tower mint under the King type 3a1

1625 Charles 1st hammered silver one pence
1640's Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1640's Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - Tower mint
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1625 -49 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - mintmark worn
1625 AD Charles 1st hammered silver one pence
1640's Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1640's Charles 1st hammered silver one pence
Charles 1st hammered silver one penny love token- earliest 'S' shape love token I have seen
1625 -49 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - mintmark worn
Charles 1st 1640 hammered silver one pence(r)
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling and a one penny (b)
1644 Charles 1st silver hammered penny
Charles 1st hammered silver penny
 
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny(b)
 1600's Charles 1st hammered silver penny(b)
1600's Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver one pence
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver one pence
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver one pence
1625 -49 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - mintmark worn
Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1640 Charles 1st hammerd silver penny
1644 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny

1625 - 42 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - tower mint uncrowned - rose each side no bust -

innner circles Group A

Rare love token bent into S shape (103)

1645 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - Ashby mint
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny

1641-3 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - mintmark 2 dots

'triangle and circle' King had left London and Parliament stuck these coins

Stunning strike

1641-3 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - mintmark dot

'triangle and circle' King had left London and Parliament stuck these coins

1641-3 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - mintmark dot

'triangle and circle' King had left London and Parliament stuck these coins

1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny

1641-3 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - mintmark 2 dots

'triangle and circle' King had left London and Parliament stuck these coins

1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1641-3 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - mintmark 2 dots
1625-6 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - Cross Calvary mint mark
1634 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1634 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1642 Charles 1st hammered silver penny- Shrewsbury mint
1633-4 Charles 1st hammered silver penny- Portcullis mint mark
1634 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1634 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1634 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1634 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1634 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1634 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1634 Charles 1st hammered silver penny

1641-3 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - mintmark dot

1634-5 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - 2 dot mint mark 1634 Charles 1st hammered silver penny

1641-3 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - mintmark 2 dots

'triangle and circle' King had left London and Parliament stuck these coins

1634 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1634 Charles 1st hammered silver penny 1641-3 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - mintmark 2 dots
1641-3 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - mintmark 2 dots 1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1641-3 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - mintmark 2 dots 1641-3 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - mintmark 2 dots
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny 1641-3 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - mintmark 2 dots
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny 1635- 6 Charles 1st hammered silver penny

1641-3 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - mintmark 2 dots

'triangle and circle' King had left London and Parliament stuck these coins

1641-3 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - mintmark dot

'triangle and circle' King had left London and Parliament stuck these coins

1634 Charles 1st hammered silver penny 1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1627 Charles 1st hammered silver penny 1628-9 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny 1624 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1624 Charles 1st hammered silver penny 1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1644-5 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - Gerb mint mark Chester 1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny 1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny 1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1641-3 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - mintmark 2 dots

First 1645 Charles 1st hammered silver cut half penny I have seen

A mint mark - Ashby

1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny 1635- 6 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - Crown mint mark
1641-3 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - mintmark 2 dots 1641-3 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - mintmark 2 dots
1641-3 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - mintmark 2 dots 1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1634 Charles 1st hammered silver penny 1641-3 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - mintmark 2 dots
1641-3 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - mintmark 2 dots 1641-3 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - mintmark 2 dots
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny 1646-8 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat- Sun mint mark
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny 1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny 1625 Charles 1st hammered silver penny
 
1638-9 Charles 1st hammered silver penny - Tun mint mark  
Half Groat ( 2 pence)

 

1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - unknown mint mark ?? Not like a badly struck crown - needs more research

Bust is very unusual also

Very rare find and the first ever found here.

Charles 1st Aberystwyth - Furnance mint 1648/9 hammered silver half groat - Large plume

book mintmark

Very rare find and only the 2nd Plume type ever found here.

1638-42 Charles 1st Aberystwyth - Book mintmark hammered silver half groat - Large plume

book mintmark

 

0.72g, 16.22mm

Fascinating hammered copper coin -with Scottish Thistle on rev.
Charles I (1625-1649) copper turner or half groat (two pence). Obverse: Crowned "CR". Legend: "CAR D G SCOT ANG FRA ET HIB R" (Charles by the grace of God King of Scotland England France and Ireland). Reverse: Thistle: "NEMO ME INPVNE LACESSET" (No one shall hurt me with impunity).

 

1632 AD Charles 1st half groat(2 pence)(c)
1625 Charles 1st half groat
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat ( 2 pence)(c)
Charles 1st half groat( 2 pence) hammered silver
Charles 1st hammered silver half groat (2 pence)
Very fine 1639-40 Tower mint Charles 1st hammered silver half groat (2 pence)
0.96g, 16.19mm
1628-9 Charles 1st hammered silver one pence
1625 -42 AD Tower mint
Charles 1st hammered silver half groat
1641 Tower mint - Charles 1st hammered silver half groat ( 2pence)
1644-5 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat. (R) mintmark - Tower Mint under parliament
1640-1 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat (2 pence) Tower mint under Charles
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat
1634 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat

Charles 1st hammered silver half groat ( 2pence) - no mintmark

0.92g, 16.33mm

1631 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat ( 2 pence) Tower mint under Charles 1st - Rose mintmark

1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat (2 pence)

1643-4 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat (2 pence)

Worcs or Shrewd mint

 

1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat (2 pence)
1641- 3 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Tower mint under Charles - Triangle in circle mint mark
1634-5 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Tower mint under parliament - P mintmark
1634 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat
1634 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat (2 pence)
1645 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Tower mint under parliament - eye mint mark
1645-6 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Tower mint under parliament - Sun mintmark
1634-5 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Tower mint under Charles 1st - Bell mintmark - Type 3a1, no inner circles
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat
1634 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat( 2 pence)
1632- 3 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - shield dividing CR - Group D fourth bust - Harp mintmark
1644 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Mullet mintmark - Oxford
1639-40 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Triangle mint mark - Tower mint under Charles

1640-1 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat (2 pence)

Star mintmark - Tower mint under Charles

1645 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat (2 pence) Tower mint under Charles - Eye mintmark
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat (2 pence)
1645 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Ashby mint
1634 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat
1635-6 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat
1645-6 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat
1634 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat
1634 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat
Charles 1st Aberystwyth - Furnance mint 1648/9 hammered silver half groat Charles 1st Aberystwyth - Furnance mint 1648/9 hammered silver half groat - Large plume - book mintmark
1645 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - 'A' mintmark Ashby 1639-40 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Triangle mint mark
1634 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat 1634 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat
1634 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat 1634-5 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat 1638-9 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat
1638-9 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat 1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat
1639-40 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Triangle mintmark 1634 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat
1634 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat 1639-40 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Triangle mint mark
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat 1639-40 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Triangle mint mark
1644 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Oxford mint mark - Billet 1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat 1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat
1639-40 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat 1639-40 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat
1645-6 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Sun mint mark 1635/6 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Crown mint mark
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat 1638-9 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat
1634 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat 1635- 6 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat -
1631-2 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Rose mint mark 1635- 6 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat

1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Group A without bust - Crown each side

Obv (Crown) CDG ***

Rev ** VSTHRO***

1643- 4 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - mint mark P in brackets
1645- 6 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat- Sun mint mark 1635- 6 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat-Crown mint mark
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat 1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat
1633 -8 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Tun mint mark 1635- 6 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat- crown mint mark
1636 - 8 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Tun mint mark 1635 -6 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Crown mint mark
1635-6 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Crown mint mark 1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat

1625-1627 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Group A 'two pellets' mint-mark

Obv rose with CDG Rosa Sone Spina

Rev rose with IVS THRONVM FIRMAT

1634-5 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Bell mint
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat 1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat
1635 - 6 Charles 1st hammered silver hlaf groat - Crown mint mark 1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat

1635-36 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat (2 pence) - Crown mint mark

1639-40 Charles 1st hammered silver hammered silver half groat- triangle mint mark

1635 - 1636, 1648 - 1649 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat

Aberystwyth Furnace, Tower mint

1638-42 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - Aberystwyth mint - book mark mint mark

Rev Large plume

1639-40 Charles 1st hammered silver hammered silver half groat- triangle mint mark
 
1640-1 Charles 1st hammered silver half groat - star mint mark  
6 pence
1635 Charles 1st hammered silver 6 pence - very interesting coin, has the Crown initail mark with a 1645 shield ?
1600's Charles 1st hammered silver six pence(y)
1623 Charles 1st hammered silver sixpence
Charles 1st hammered silver sixpence
 
 
1600's Charles 1st hammered silver sixpence(y) 
 
Charles 1st hammered silver sixpence civil war issue
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver sixpence
1639-4 Charles 1st hammered silver sixpence - Tower mint under Charles 1st Triangle mintmark
1634 Charles 1st hammered silver six pence
1628 Charles 1st hammered silver sixpence - Anchor mintmark - Group E
C 1638 Charles 1st hammered silver sixpence - defaced bust during English silver war and heavily clipped - square topped shield with plume type
1644 Charles 1st hammered silver sixpence - R in brackets mint mark
1639-40 Charles 1st hammered silver sixpence - Triangle mintmark Taco'd 1634 Charles 1st hammered silver sixpence
1635-6 Charles 1st hammered silver sixpence - Crown mint mark 1640-1 Charles 1st hammered silver six pence - Star mint mark
1638-9 Charles 1st hammered silver sixpence - Tun mint mark 1624 Charles 1st hammered silver sixpence
1638-9 Charles 1st hammered silver sixpence - Tun mint mark 1635-6 Charles 1st hammered silver six pence - Crown mint mark
Irish Charles 1st hammered silver sixpence - Harp mint mark 1631 - 2 Charles 1st hammered silver sixpence - Plume above shield CR - mm Rose
1645 Charles 1st hammered silver sixpence - Eye mint mark 1633-4 Charles 1st hammered silver sixpence - portcullis mint mark
 
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver sixpence  
Shilling (12 pence)
1636-8 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling (12 pence) Double struck 1639 - 40 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling (12 pence)- Triangle mint mark
1645-6 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling (12 pence)- Sun mint mark

1641-3 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling - Triangle in circle mintmark

Tower mint under Charels 1st

1639-40 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling (12 pence) - Tower mint under Charles - Triangle mintmark 1645-6 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling (12 pence) - Sun mintmark

1633-4 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling - Portcullis mintmark Group D Garnished oval shield with CR at sides

Tower mint under Charles I

1636-8 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling - Tun mintmark

Group D 4th bust

1636-8 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling - Group E, 'Aberystwyth' bust - single arched crown. smaller bust - Mintmark Tun

1641 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling - Triangle in a circle mint mark

Tower mint under Charles

1645 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling - Tower mint under parliament - Eye mintmark 32.09mm, 5.87g 1645 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling (12 pence) Tower mint under parliamant - Sun mint mark
1639 -40 Charles 1st shilling - 5.53g 30.39mm Tower mint under Charles -Triangle mintmark
1645 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling (12 pence) Tower mint under parliament - sun initial mark 5.48g, 30.33mm

1631-9 Briots coinage - Charles 1st milled silver half crown - first test milled silver

This would have been a monster find in good shape

1645 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling - eye mintmark Tower mint

1639-40 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling (12 pence) Triangle mintmark Tower mint under Charles

5.86g, 30.58mm

Very rare Exeter 1643 - 6 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling (12 pence)

CR by Oval shield

1641-3 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling (12 pence) Tower mint under parliament

5.55g, 29.13mm

1640-1 Charles 1st hammered silver half crown (30 pence) Tower mint under parliament

9.12g, 30.66mm

1625 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling 1641 -3 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling (12 pence)- Triangle in circle mint mark
1646-8 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling (12 pence)

1639-40 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling (12 pence)

Triangle mint mark

1645 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling (12 pence)- Eye mint mark 1625 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling
 
1625 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling  

1642 AD Tower mint under parliament Charles 1st shilling (12 pence) 5.12g, 30.05mm

1207 AD 'Rex' issue King John Irish one pence 1.24g, 17.26mm

This example is minted in Dublin and the Moneyer is Roberd

1638 Charles 1st hammered silver shilling

Rare plume above shield Charles 1st 1625 hammered silver shilling (12 pence)

 

Scottish 20 & 40 pence
Scottish 1634 Charles 1st hammered silver 20 pence
Scottish 1634 Charles 1st hammered silver 20 pence
Scottish 1634 Charles 1st hammered silver 20 pence
Scottish 1634 Charles 1st hammered silver 20 pence
Scottish 1634 Charles 1st hammered silver 20 pence
Scottish 1634 Charles 1st hammered silver 20 pence
1625 Scottish Charles 1st hammered silver 20 pence
1625 Scottish Charles 1st hammered silver 20 pence
1634 Scottish Charles 1st hammered silver 20 pence

1637- 1642 Scottish Charles 1st machine made forty pence silver coin - Briot's issue- XL by bust

Obv CAR.DG.SCOT.ANG.FR.ET.HIB.REX

Rev SALUS REIPVIBLICE SUPREMA LEX - Crown over thistle

1634 Scottish Charles 1st hammered silver 20 pence
1634 Charles 1st hammered silver twenty pence - XX
1624 Scottish Charles 1st hammered silver twenty pence Scottish 1636 Charles 1st hammered silver 20 pence