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Jettons

In English a reckoning counter. Also Jeton (French) & Rechen-pfenning (German). A coin-like object used in the calculation of accounts. Most commonly made of copper or brass; but also silver (especially 17th century and after: very rarely gold. Lead jettons are also known but their purpose is obscure as they would wear out fast. Jettons are known from England, France, Netherlands, Germany, Austria, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Italy, Portugal, Spain & probably other countries. Originally "jettons" would have been pebbles or pieces of pottery (the word calculate derives from Calx - pebble). The first specially struck jettons seem to be mid 13th century (French), the earliest English third quarter 13th century.

Jetons: Their Use and History - Great web site detailing how they were used

 

 

Ref books used - Michael Mitchiner Jetons Volumes

Mint condition 1340 AD French Jetton

Crown introduced in 1340 by Philip VI (1328-50)

Royal Crown with 3 rosettes across body of crown

Rev Triple banded straight cross fleuretty AV

1310-14 Sterling bust English Jetton Edward II Class XI

Rev - Long cross patonce 6 pellet clusters in angles, border pellets

Obv - Bust Class II in circle, border pellets

Johan Conrad Hergen, master 1705 French style jetton 1705 -1743

Kings diademed bust right

LVD.XV.D.G.FR.N.RE

Tranquillity seated left, Crown on right knee in exergue I.C.H

LE.REPROS.SUIT.LA.VICTOIRE

 

Johan Jacob Dietzel of Nürnberg who made this sometime between 1711 and 1748.

Obverse "GEORG.DG.M.(.........)

Reverse: "IOHAN(N.I)ACOB.DIETZEL.RECHP.COUNTERS"

1608 AD Hans Schultes III 'Turbanded bust' German Jetton. Male bust right wearing a turban. 1.28g, 22.23mm

obv GLICK 4 foil KVMPT 4 foil VON flower GOT 4 foil ISTWAR

rev Traditional imperial orb with cross patty in a tressure with 3 main arches, 3 pairs of pellets inside the tressure

rosette HANS:SCHVLTES:ZV:NVRNB

1562 AD Hans Krauwinckel I Master German Lion of St Mark Jetton, 19.27g, 30.02mm

Lion of St Mark standing left with both wings shown. Book of the Gospels between fore- paws.Halo, rising into the margin, is surrounded by a star:

Obv *S*MARCVS * EVANGELLIST*GOTT***

Rev Imperial Orb surrounded by cross patty witin an ornate tressure *HANNS * KRVRENBER

The normal weight for this type is 7.95g to 11.30 g, this specimin weights 19.27g ???? It is acually two of the same type of Jettons stuck together

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HNNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

Period of Frederick III 1440- 1493

Nuremberg -Mainz -Bavaria type

Lozengy shield of Bavaria

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

c 1550-1585 Rose/orb anonymous issues

GVBENVE

 

c1490-1550 The 'ship penny' type jetton:anonymous issue

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1490- 1550 'Ship -penny' Jetton anonymous issue
What a find in this condition 1576 Henry 111 (1574-1589)
Paris mint

obv +AMOR A Q YA

rev DE FRAN ET POL LOIS SPLG DD

French Jetton

Charles VI Medieval Jetton 1380 to 1422 AD

John the Good (1350 - 64) Jetton(b)

Three pellet clusters as trefoils across crown

Hans Krauwinckel c1560- 1610
German Jetton

French copper- alloy Jeton 1380AD Obv Shield of France bearing three feur de lys

Rev trefoil x 4 Ottery St Mary (r)

Hans Krauwinckel II c1585- 1635

Rev GOTT.ALLIEIN.DIE.EER.ESEI

Obv HANNS.KRAVWINCKEL.I.NVR

German Jetton
Hans Krauwinckel family c1562- 1635
German Jetton

Hans Krauwinckel II c1585- 1635

Rev GOTT.ALLIEIN.DIE.EER.ESEI

German Jetton

French copper- alloy Jeton 1380AD Obv Shield of France bearing three feur de lys

ID'd by Hendrik

14thC Medieval jetton(c)
Hans Krauwinckel family c1562- 1635
German Jetton

'Mercury Type' Hans Schvltes III 1608-1612 Nuremberg jetton.

Obv GLIK.KVMPT.VON.GOT.ISTWA

Hans Krauwinckel family c1562- 1635
German Jetton
Hans Krauwinckel family c1562- 1635
German Jetton
1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

Hans Krauwinckel family c1562- 1635
German Jetton
Hans Krauwinckel family c1562- 1635
German Jetton
Hans Krauwinckel family c1562- 1635
German Jetton
17thC Jetton
17thC Jetton
Charles VI Medieval Jetton 1380 to 1422 AD

15thC 'Shield of France' Jetton

Obv X AVE MARIA o GRACIA

17thC German Jetton Orb and scepter type not in the reference books
German Jetton c1580 - 1610

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

Hans Krauwinckel family c1562- 1635
German Jetton
1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

Mid 14thC Dolphin type bronze Jetton - south eastern France
1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

C1370 - 1415 South Eastern France type Jetton
1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

GERMANY, 28mm brass jeton, laureate bust R, LVDOVIC XIII D G FR ET NAVAR REX / crowned arms of France & Navarre, CONRADT LAVFER RECHEPFENNM, by Conrad Lauffer in Nuremberg, 1637-68
16thC Half sized Rose orb type Jetton but silvered - requires more research
1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

French copper- alloy Jeton 1380AD Obv Shield of France bearing three feur de lys
1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1553- 86 AD Hans Schultes I ‘Lion of St Mark’ Jetton

obv Lion of St mark standing left, nimbate and winged, holding book of the Gospels in right fore paw: Lions halo orjecting into the margin and surmounted by a cross

+ SANT:MARGVS:NORPED

Rev Imperial orb surmouned by cross patty

HANS rosette SCHVTLTES rosette NORNBE

Ref Mitchiner 1382

Circa 1437 French Crown with ornaments type jetton - Paris Mint
15thC Jetton - not checked ref books yet
Stunning early 15thC Jetton
not in ref books
1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

15thC Shield of France Jetton

This type of back with no inner circles around the fleur di lis to obverse is not listed in ref books

rare

obv X AVE MARIA + GRACIA

Johan Jacob Dietzel of Nürnberg who made this sometime between 1711 and 1748.

Obverse "GEORG.DG.M.(.........)

Reverse: "IOHAN(N.I)ACOB.DIETZEL.RECHP.COUNTERS"

circa 1500 -1550 Rose Orb Jetton – anonymous issue – Large orb series with three Fleurs de Lis around a 5 petalled rose –fictitious legend - Ref Mitchiner 1190

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1478 Louis XI Shield of France Jetton – Cross fleuretty with roses on reverse Ref Mitchiner 706

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

French copper- alloy Jetton 1380AD Obv Shield of France bearing three feur de lys
French copper- alloy Jetton 1380AD Obv Shield of France bearing three feur de lys
French copper- alloy Jetton 1380AD Obv Shield of France bearing three feur de lys
15thC French stock Jetton of Sedan - The use of 'cross feuilly' suggests a Northern mint. Ref Mitchener 712

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

Mint condition 1340 AD French Jetton

Crown introduced in 1340 by Philip VI (1328-50)

Royal Crown with 3 rosettes across body of crown

Rev Triple banded straight cross fleuretty AV

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1340 AD French - shield of France Jetton
Interesting 16thC Jetton - not checked ref books yet

Smallest Jetton I have ever seen, it is like a 1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jetton - not in ref books

0.54g, 14.22mm

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

Wolf Lauffer II 1612-1651 German Jetton master

This Jetton is dated to 1640

Diademed bust of Louis XIV right - LVS.XIIII.D.G:FR.ET.NAV:REX

Rev Crowned French shield (bearing 3 Lis)WOLF LAVFER RECHPF: MACH IN N:B

1549 Philip, prince of Spain Jetton , Crowned quarterly shield of Spain + low countries 2.37g, 24.67mm

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

French copper- alloy Jeton 1380AD Obv Shield of France bearing feur de lys

The 'Field of France' French Jetton, a field bearing numerous fleurs de lis stuck by John the Good 1350- 64 AD

9 fleurs de lis type

1371 Feudal French Jetton – Loraine and Bar type

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

13thC English jetton

Obv - Edward bust

Rev - Long cross and pellets

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1570 Egidius Krauwinckle Rose orb jetton

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

Wolf Lauffer II 1612-1651 German Jetton master

This Jetton is dated to 1640

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

15thC Shield of France Jetton

Excellent find

Damianus Krauwinckel Master 1543 - first active member of the Krauwinckel family

'Lion of Saint Mark' jetton

Lion of St Mark standing left ,nimbate and winged, holding book of the Gospels

Obv DOMIANVS rosette KRAVWINCK

Rev Imperial orb surrounded by cross patty - fictitious inscription

Crown introduced in 1340 by Philip VI (1328-50)

Royal Crown with 3 rosettes across body of crown

Rev Triple banded straight cross fleuretty AV

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1340 Shield of France Jetton

1562 AD Hans Krauwinckel I Master German Lion of St Mark Jetton, 19.27g, 30.02mm

Lion of St Mark standing left with both wings shown. Book of the Gospels between fore- paws.Halo, rising into the margin, is surrounded by a star:

Obv *S*MARCVS * EVANGELLIST*GOTT***

Rev Imperial Orb surrounded by cross patty witin an ornate tressure *HANNS * KRVRENBER

Medieval shield jetton

1553 Hans Schultes I 'Ship penny' jetton

Obv Sailing ship facing left

Rev Traditional 'four fleurs in a lozenge' crown HANS rosette SCHVLTES cross PO

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

17thC copper jetton

1302- 50 AD Sterling bust English medieval jetton

Obv Bust , wearing cap ,in circle:border, strokes and pellets

Rev Straight cross 'quatrefoil-in-circles' in angles, border pellets

1553 Hans Schultes I 'Ship penny' jetton

Obv Sailing ship facing left

Rev Traditional 'four fleurs in a lozenge' crown HANS rosette SCHVLTES cross PO

 

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1497 - 1515 Louis XII French jetton - simple cross patty
17thC Continental jetton - not checked ref books yet
1340 AD Medieval French Jetton

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jetton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

Interesting 16thC jetton - need to check ref books on this one

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1497-1515 Louis XII Tower shield of Tournai French Jetton

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jetton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1371-1379 Duchy of Guelders - Mathide de Gueldre

Rev Double standard arcuate cross fleuretty with a rampant lion (single tail) in each qtr

The Standing King series

Charles IV 1322-28 French Jetton

Obv 'king with sceptre standing beneath a gothic canopy'

Type 404 Mitchiner

Rev Triple stranded straight cross fleuretty in 4 arched tressure

Stock Jetton for the Queen and her almony 14th to15th C

Emblem of Queen marguerite de Provence, wife of Louis IX

Moor's head right with hair bound

Obv X AVE MARIA GRACIA PLNA

1553- 86 AD Hans Schultes I ‘Lion of St Mark’ Jetton

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1371-1379 Duchy of Guelders jetton

Rampant Lion with a tall erect two forked tail was first introduced as the emblem of Limburg

Rev Rampant Lion with a tall erect two forked tail of Limburg- all in 6 arched tressure -margin M repeated

Rev Double stranded arcuate cross fleuretty with rampant lion (single tail) in each angle:margins crowns

French copper- alloy Jeton 1380AD Obv Shield of France bearing three feur de lys

Rev trefoil x 4 Ottery St Mary

French copper- alloy Jeton 15th Obv Shield of France bearing three fleur de lys

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jetton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1461 Paris type Jetton - 'lozenge containing four lis'

VIVE:LE:BON:ROI:DE:FRANCE

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jetton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

Crown introduced in 1340 by Philip VI (1328-50)

Royal Crown with 3 rosettes across body of crown

Rev Triple banded straight cross fleuretty AV

1321-43 Sterling bust English Jetton Edward II Class XV

Rev - Long cross patonce

Obv - Bust Class 15 in circle, border pellets

1340 AD French Jetton

Crown introduced in 1340 by Philip VI (1328-50)

Royal Crown with 3 rosettes across body of crown

Rev Triple banded straight cross fleuretty AV

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1285 - 1314 AD West Central France jeton

The Paschal lamb jeton - ' I am the lamb of Berry'

Obv MOVTON SVI:DE BE - Pascall lamb standing left, with one foot raised

Rev Triple stranded cross fleuretty within 4 arched tressure

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

English medieval Edward jetton

1340 AD French Jetton

Crown introduced in 1340 by Philip VI (1328-50)

Royal Crown with 3 rosettes across body of crown

Rev Triple banded straight cross fleuretty AV

15thC French jetton - leafty ornaments around a central cross

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jetton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

French copper- alloy Jeton 1380AD Obv Shield of France

circa 1447 Charles VII Jetton with IHS

Letters IHS in gothic script acorss field with upright stroke of H crossed

AVE IIIARI STEELA DEI IIIATER

Rev Double stranded arcuate cross fleuretty with pellet at centre

1346-80 Charles V Shield of France ancient type jetton

Obv + AVE MARIA GRACIA PLE

Rev Double stranded arcuate cross fleuretty with lis at centre

 

Very unusual Jetton as this purports to be a 16thC Mercury bust Jetton of one of the Kravwinckel or Lauffer families, howvever it only has a series of flowers as a legend both sides ??

Not listed in Mitchener

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jetton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jetjon

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

Unknown type with *I* I on Obv instead of pellets

1321 Edward II English jetton - Bust type Class XI

Obv Edward bust with succession of * and I

Rev Three armed cross, in each angle a 'facing bare human head ' border,, succession of letters B and S

Similar Ref Mitchiner 131 but with different legend

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

French copper- alloy Jetton 1380AD Obv Shield of France bearing three fleur de lys

Rev trefoil x 4 Ottery St Mary

Unknown type with *I* I on Obv instead of pellets

1321 Edward II English jetton - Bust type Class XI

Obv Edward bust with succession of * and I

Rev Long cross with pellets

Similar Ref Mitchiner 131 but with different legend

Interesting unrecorded 1422 shield of France type Jetton not in Mitchener

3 Lis in a shield with what appears to be snakes above and to sides of shield

Obv + AVE MARIA + GRACIA

1422 shield of France type Jetton

3 Lis in a shield

Facinating medieval find - Looks like Jetton used as a type of mount or brooch.

Researching the books

1525 'Ship -orb' Jetton - fictitious inscription

Stunning English medieval jetton not in ref books

Appears to be the same period and design circa 1280 like the Lions of England type but this has a winged bird of prey on Obv

1373-to 1414 struck by Charles V to VI

Paschal lamb jetton of Bourge (Berry)

Obv +MOTION SVI: DE BERRI

Paschal lamb standing left with one foot raised:head nimbate and reverted to view flag with cross at top

Mitch Ref 498

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jetton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jetton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

1340 French jetton

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jetton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

15thC French - Four fleurs de lis in a lozenge jetton

13thC French jetton

Obv 3 fleurs de lis

DETOUR+DETOUR

Rev Double stranded arcuate cross feuilly with pellet at centre

PAI - DIEV -NOV NOIN

15thC French Chatel Tournois Jetton

Obv Traditional Chatel Tournois (Castle of Tours)

SIB IIOIIIEIII BOIII II I

Ref Mitchener 741

15thC Continental jetton - Working on ID

Obv PBS DG HIB REX CO ZEA

Rev PACE

1340 AD French Jetton

Crown introduced in 1340 by Philip VI (1328-50)

Royal Crown with annulet and rosettes across body of crown

Obv AVE MARIA GRACIA

Rev A-V-E-M

Rev Triple banded straight cross fleuretty

Ref Mitchiner 469

1340 AD French Jetton

Crown introduced in 1340 by Philip VI (1328-50)

Royal Crown with 3 rosettes across body of crown

1515 -59 Iorg Schultes Master, German Lion of St Mark Jetton, Lions halo projects above inner circle and interrupt legend

Lion of St Mark standing left with both wings shown. Book of the Gospels between fore- paws.Halo, rising into the margin, is surrounded by a star:

Rev Large Orb no initial mark, 3 pairs of annulets outside tressure

Ref Mitchiner 1113

1553 Hans Schultes I 'Ship penny' jetton

Obv Sailing ship facing left

Rev Traditional 'four fleurs in a lozenge' crown HANS rosette SCHVLTES cross PO

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jetton
1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jetton 1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jetton
1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jetton 1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jetton
1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jetton 1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jetton
1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jetton

1689- 94 William and Mary type jetton

Kings' diademed bust right

Obv WILLH.IIID.G.ANG.SCO.FR.ET.HI.REX

Rev Queens head diademed bust right

Ref Mitchiner 1804

1418- 1437 Charles VII Paschal lamb type jetton, Bourges

Paschal lamb standing with one foot raised head nimbate

Obv+ GETES star DIEV star FALIR

Simple single armed cross patty with lis bewtween each arm

Rev + AMIES star DIEV star ET star LO

Ref Mitchiner 558

Rare English jetton, 1345/55 Late pictorial issues of the mid century : This type with the obverse as a rose is not in Mitchiner but could be a mule with Mitchiner 186

Obv Barbed rose 5 petals, border fictitious legend

Rev Long cross patonace , 6 pellet clusters in each angle, border pellets

Ref Mitchiner 245

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

Taco'd 1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

1586 Hans Krauwincel II Rose orb Jeton

HANNS KRAVWINCKEL IN NVRENB

The Standing King series

Charles IV 1322-28 French Jetton

Obv 'king with sceptre standing beneath a gothic canopy'

 

Charles 1st/ 2nd Jetton ?

Obv Crown C