Metal detecting holidays in England

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Bale Seals

Lead seals such as cloth seals and bale seals were widely used in Europe between the 13th and 19th centuries as a means of identification and as a component of regulation and quality control. Cloth seals appear to be the most thoroughly documented type of seal. Cloth seals were typically two disc seals joined by a connecting strip. These were intended to be folded around each side of a textile and stamped closed, in a manner similar to that in which coins were stamped.

Bale seals such were single disc seals, rather than two disc seals, and were also used to identify textiles, as well as parcels and bales of trade goods. The obverse would typically display a city's arms, and the reverse would record data such as the length or width of fabric or the weight of a parcel.

Specialist literature - British Museum Occasional paper 93 - Lead cloth seal and related items in the British museum - Geoff Egan

Download free ID Russian lead seals book here http://foundintheground.com/files/

 

Sack/ Bale and Cloth seals are fascinating artefacts and I am trying to amass as much information and history on them as on I can. They are a badly overlooked area by most Archeologists so if you have any information on the seals displayed here please drop me an e-mail and I will include it on my site.

The Meaning of Number 20 on a Seal's Obverse:

The Arabic number 20 located on the reverse of a lead seal refers to the length of fabric measured in Dutch els. As explained by Mr. Wiard Krook, Amsterdam Department of Archeology: "From the official regulations of the city of Leiden, we know that one full woolen laken (in 17th Century Dutch spelled as "laeken" or "laecken", meaning one uncut length of woven woolen fabric packed and folded to a bundle), should measure 40 Leidse (or old Dutch) el in total. So a half laken should be 20 el long. Before it was released for selling it was officially measured and the final length indicated on a lead seal. One Leidse el is converted to 69 centimeters, making one full laken 27.6 meter and one half laken 13.8 meter. The width of a laken from Leiden was between 1 el (69 cm) and 3 3/4 el.

Cloth seal with weavers initials CM and privy mark(d)
East India company seal(r)
Early sack seal
Huge lead sack seal with star decoration
Unknown sack seal
'not Russian as ZOLL is clearly visible'
Small seal with shield and animals
Post medieval lead bale seal
19th century Netherlands (c)
1882 Bale seal
1641 Russian bale seal
19thC Bale seal
19th century Netherlands
1813 Russian bale seal
1773 Dutch low countries sack seal(z)
Crown with 36 sack seal

Monogrammed seal AM

Prussian lead seal of Friedrich II.(1740-86), (b)
1835 Russian bale seal
18thC Russian lead sack seal
German sack seal
1762 sack seal
Sack seal
1782 Russian bag seal(m)
Sack seal with crown design (r)
2- 1815 Sack seals
1843 Sack seal
1805 Sack seal
1835 Sack seal
Late 17thC Russian sack seal(c)
Unusual lead seal
1770 Russian sack seal(c)
1775 Sack seal(r)
Sack seal (r)
18thC Russian bale seal
1818 Russian sack seal(y)
1860 sack seal
1777 Russian bale seal
1800 Russian bale seal
Bale seal JY
1814 Russian bale seal
1811 Russian bale seal
Sack seal with VF design
1769 Russian sack seal
1830 Russian sack seal
L&L Bale seal
 
Bale seal
1830 Russian bale seal
1815 Russian sack seal 
18thC Russian bale seal
1816 Sack seal
Document seal
1812 Russian bale seal
17thC Bale seal with M design
Bale seal
Cloth seal with EA, similar to East India company
Russian bale seal
1766 Russian bale seal
1756 Russian bale seal
1835 Russian lead bale seal
1825 Russian bale seal
1718 Russian bale seal
Huge lead Medieval document seal with shield design ?
Lead bale seal with traders mark CM
Heraldic lead seal
17thC Dutch bale seal R & A = Regten en Accisen, state finance department)
1813 Russian bale seal
Lead Seal or token
Lead with a head like Queen Anne 1702 (r)
Lead seal with really early looking design
Unusual lead bale seal
Post medieval lead bale seal
Russian bale seal
Post medieval lead bale seal
Post medieval lead seal ?

1818 Russian bale seal from St Petersburg

ПAKЛЯ Codilla: broken flax, the coarse part of the flax separated in the first heckling process

1801 St Petersburg Russian lead bale seal (unrecorded type)
1754 St Petersburg Russian bale seal - unknown reverse
1775 Russian lead bale seal
19thC Russian lead bale seal
19thC Russian lead bale seal
Post medieval lead bale seal
Post medieval lead bale seal
18thC Dutch lead bale seal - Lion in shield
Post medieval lead cloth seal
1791 Russian lead bale seal
Neat Lead bale seal with 19thC paddle steamer ship design
1834 Russian bale seal
1826 Russian lead bale seal
Post medieval lead bale seal
Post medieval lead clothseal
1750 Russian lead bale seal
1775 Russian bale seal
Post medieval lead bale seal - crossed keys
Post medieval lead bale seal - crossed keys
1788 German lead bale seal
Post medieval lead bale seal
Post medieval lead bale seal
Post medieval lead bale seal
19thC Russian lead bale seal
18thC Dutch lead cloth seal
Post medieval lead bale seal
19thC Russian lead bale seal
19thC Russian lead bale seal
Post medieval lead bale seal
1815 Russian lead bale seal
Interesting post medieval lead cloth seal with flying pipe design
Post medieval lead bale seal
1825 Russian lead bale seal
Post medieval lead bale seal - Fluer de Lis
1814 Russian lead bale seal - St Petersburg
Post medieval lead bale seal
1678 Dutch lead bale seal
Post medieval lead bale seal
Post medieval lead bale seal
1793 Russian lead bale seal - St Petersburg Port
Post medieval lead bale seal
1825 Russian lead bale seal
1825 Russian bale seal
1801 St Petersburg Russian lead bale seal
Post medieval lead bale seal
18thC Dutch lead bale seal
Post medieval lead bale seal
Post medieval lead bale seal
Post medieval lead bale seal
Post medieval lead bale seal
19thC Royal artillery lead cloth seal - the cloth was bought for the coats and trousers and made up at the local depot to fit the soldier - Tower London
Russian lead bale seal
18thC Dutch lead bale seal
1776 Russian lead bale seal
1828 Russian lead bale seal
Dutch lead bale seal
1790 Russian lead bale seal
Medieval lead bale seal
18thC Dutch lead bale seal 1780 Russian lead bale seal
17th/18th C Dutch cloth seal
1777 Russan bale seal Post medieval lead bale seal
1790 Russian lead bale seal 1846 Italian lead bale seal
1814 Russian lead bale seal Medieval copper bale seal
 

Stunning condition 1778 Russian lead bale seal

N.P is Unprovenanced

1770 Russian lead bale seal

W.K. is Unprovenanced

17thC Dutch lead bale seal 1812 Russian lead bale seal
Post medieval lead bale seal 17thc lead bale seal
1808 Russian lead bale seal 1774 Russian bale seal
Post medeival lead bale seal Post medeival lead bale seal
1746 Russian lead bale seal - St Petersburg 18thC Russian lead bale seal
18thC Russian lead bale seal 1800 Russian lead bale seal
Post medieval lead bale seal Post medieval lead alnage cloth seal
Post medieval lead cloth seal 1814 Russian lead bale seal
1826 Russian lead bale seal 17thC Dutch bale seal 1797 lead bale seal
Post medieval Russian lead bale seal 1815 Russian lead bale seal
Post medieval Russian lead bale seal Post medieval lead bale seal
Post medieval lead bale seal 1821 Russia lead bale seal
Post medieval German lead bale seal 1760 Russian bale seal
1763 Russian lead bale seal Post medieval lead bale seal
1827 Russian lead bale seal 1813 Russian lead bale seal
 
1767 Russian lead bale seal